Despite ongoing research, at this stage nothing can be done to prevent or completely cure type 1 diabetes, but the condition can be successfully managed.
- Self-monitoring of blood glucose levels by regularly testing blood in a glucose meter
- If glucose levels are high, self-testing to check for ketones in urine or blood
- Taking regular insulin injections
- Increasing the amount of ‘slow’ carbohydrates in the diet, such as beans and fruit, which take longer to be absorbed by the body (low GI foods)
- Regular exercise
- Regular medical checks, including eye checks.
There’s some indication that research into whole-genome sequencing and islet cell transplantation are offering hope in understanding and treating T1D.