Clinical Obesity, Nutrition and Adipose Biology Lab

Publications

Effect of pravastatin on body composition and markers of cardiovascular disease in HIV-infected men--a randomized, placebo-controlled study
Mallon, P. W.;Miller, J.;Kovacic, J. C.;Kent-Hughes, J.;Norris, R.;Samaras, K.;Feneley, M. P.;Cooper, D. A.;Carr, A. :
AIDS 20(7):1003-10, 2006
A review of the nutritional challenges experienced by people living with severe mental illness: a role for dietitians in addressing physical health gaps
Teasdale, S. B.; Samaras, K.; Wade, T.; Jarman, R.; Ward, P. B.
JOURNAL OF HUMAN NUTRITION AND DIETETICS 30(5):545-553, 2017
Genetic and environmental influences on total-body and central abdominal fat: the effect of physical activity in female twins
Samaras, K.;Kelly, P. J.;Chiano, M. N.;Spector, T. D.;Campbell, L. V. :
ANNALS OF INTERNAL MEDICINE 130(11):873-82, 1999
Solving a weighty problem: systematic review and meta-analysis of nutrition interventions in severe mental illness
Teasdale, S. B.; Ward, P. B.; Rosenbaum, S.; Samaras, K.; Stubbs, B.
British Journal Of Psychiatry 210(2):110-118, 2017
The impact of glucose disorders on cognition and brain volumes in the elderly: the Sydney Memory and Ageing Study
Samaras, K.
; Lutgers, H. L.
; Kochan, N. A.
; Crawford, J. D.
; Campbell, L. V.
; Wen, W.
; Slavin, M. J.
; Baune, B. T.
; Lipnicki, D. M.
; Brodaty, H.
; Trollor, J. N.
; Sachdev, P. S.;
AGE 36(2):977-93, 2014
Metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in HIV infection
Wand, H.;Calmy, A.;Carey, D. L.;Samaras, K.;Carr, A.;Law, M. G.;Cooper, D. A.;Emery, S. :
AIDS 21(18):2445-2453, 2007
Increasing incidence of type 2 diabetes in the third millennium: is abdominal fat the central issue?
Samaras, K.;Campbell, L. V. :
DIABETES CARE 23(4):441-2, 2000
Heritability of body fat using DXA
Samaras, K.;Campbell, L. :
OBES RES 13(12):2210; author reply 2211, 2005
Diabetes and the elderly brain: sweet memories?
Samaras, K.; Sachdev, P.S.;
Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology & Metabolism 3(6):189-196, 2013
Dietary intervention in the dystopian world of severe mental illness: measure for measure, then manage
Teasdale, S. B.; Ward, P. B.; Samaras, K.
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 135(2):180, 2017
Lifestyle interventions to reduce premature mortality in schizophrenia
Ward, P. B.; Firth, J.; Rosenbaum, S.; Samaras, K.; Stubbs, B.; Curtis, J.
LANCET 4(7):e14, 2017
Antiretroviral therapy and the human immunodeficiency virus--improved survival but at what cost?
Bradbury, R. A.;Samaras, K. :
DIABETES OBESITY & METABOLISM 10(6):441-50, 2008
Immune cell-mediated inflammation and the early improvements in glucose metabolism after gastric banding surgery
Samaras, K.; Viardot, A.; Botelho, N. K.; Jenkins, A.; Lord, R. V.;
DIABETOLOGIA 56(12):2564-72, 2013
Diagnosis, prediction, and natural course of HIV-1 protease-inhibitor-associated lipodystrophy, hyperlipidaemia, and diabetes mellitus: a cohort study
Carr, A.;Samaras, K.;Thorisdottir, A.;Kaufmann, G. R.;Chisholm, D. J.;Cooper, D. A. :
LANCET 353(9170):2093-9, 1999
Comparing the predictive ability of the Edmonton Obesity Staging System with the body mass index for use of health services and pharmacotherapies in Australian adults: A nationally representative cross-sectional study
Atlantis, E.; Fahey, P.; Williams, K.; Edwards, S.; Samaras, K.; Dugdale, P.; Shi, Z.; Sharma, A. M.
Clin Obes 10(4):e12368, 2020
Mendacity: The Tendency to Lie or Deceive. A Cautionary Tale in Obesity Research, Stigma, and Headlining
Michael, K.D.; Margaret, M.J.; Samaras, K.
Frontiers in Endocrinology 11:598713, 2021
Dietary intake in HIV-infected men with lipodystrophy: relationships with body composition, visceral fat, lipid, glucose and adipokine metabolism
Samaras, K.; Wand, H.; Law, M.; Emery, S.; Cooper, D. A.; Carr, A.;
CURRENT HIV RESEARCH 7(4):454-61, 2009
BMI inaccurately reflects total body and abdominal fat in Tongans
Craig, P.;Samaras, K.;Freund, J.;Culton, N.;Halavatau, V.;Campbell, L. :
ACTA DIABETOLOGICA 40 Suppl 1:S282-5, 2003
Insulin levels in insulin resistance: phantom of the metabolic opera?
Samaras, K.;McElduff, A.;Twigg, S. M.;Proietto, J.;Prins, J. B.;Welborn, T. A.;Zimmet, P.;Chisholm, D. J.;Campbell, L. V. :
MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA 185(3):159-61, 2006
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in HIV-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy using International Diabetes Foundation and Adult Treatment Panel III criteria: associations with insulin resistance, disturbed body fat compartmentalization, elevated C-reactive protein, and [corrected] hypoadiponectinemia
Samaras, K.;Wand, H.;Law, M.;Emery, S.;Cooper, D.;Carr, A. :
DIABETES CARE 30(1):113-9, 2007
Bariatric surgery for type 2 diabetes: to whom and when?
Samaras, K.;
Minerva Endocrinologica 38(1):47-58, 2013
Dietary intake of people with severe mental illness: systematic review and meta-analysis
Teasdale, S. B.; Ward, P. B.; Samaras, K.; Firth, J.; Stubbs, B.; Tripodi, E.; Burrows, T. L.
British Journal Of Psychiatry 214(5):251-259, 2019
Effect of combination hormone replacement therapy on ambulatory blood pressure and arterial stiffness in diabetic postmenopausal women
Hayward, C. S.;Samaras, K.;Campbell, L.;Kelly, R. P. :
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION 14(7 Pt 1):699-703, 2001
Abnormal fat distribution and use of protease inhibitors
Carr, A.;Samaras, K.;Chisholm, D. J.;Cooper, D. A. :
LANCET 351(9117):1736, 1998
Serum leptin in NASH correlates with hepatic steatosis but not fibrosis: a manifestation of lipotoxicity?
Chitturi, S.;Farrell, G.;Frost, L.;Kriketos, A.;Lin, R.;Fung, C.;Liddle, C.;Samarasinghe, D.;George, J. :
HEPATOLOGY 36(2):403-9, 2002
Pathogenesis of HIV-1-protease inhibitor-associated peripheral lipodystrophy, hyperlipidaemia, and insulin resistance
Carr, A.;Samaras, K.;Chisholm, D. J.;Cooper, D. A. :
LANCET 351(9119):1881-3, 1998
Reply
Curtis, J..; Newall, H. ; Myles, N..; Shiers, D. .; Samaras, K.;
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 128(6):489, 2013
Reduced arterial stiffness after weight loss in obese type 2 diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance: The role of immune cell activation and insulin resistance
Samaras, K.; Viardot, A.; Lee, P. N.; Jenkins, A.; Botelho, N. K.; Bakopanos, A.; Lord, R. V.; Hayward, C. S.;
Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research 10(1):40-8, 2013
Metabolic consequences and therapeutic options in highly active antiretroviral therapy in human immunodeficiency virus-1 infection
Samaras, K. :
JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY 61(2):238-45, 2008
Postprandial lipid effects of raltegravir vs low-dose ritonavir in HIV-negative adults
Samaras, K.; Richardson, R.; Carr, R.
AIDS 24(11):1727-31, 2010
Clinical Obesity Services in Public Hospitals in Australia: a position statement based on expert consensus
Atlantis, E.; Kormas, N.; Samaras, K.; Fahey, P.; Sumithran, P.; Glastras, S.; Wittert, G.; Fusco, K.; Bishay, R.; Markovic, T.; Ding, L.; Williams, K.; Caterson, I.; Chikani, V.; Dugdale, P.; Dixon, J.
Clin Obes 2018
The value of the metabolic syndrome concept in elderly adults: is it worth less than the sum of its parts?
Samaras, K.; Crawford, J.; Baune, B. T.; Campbell, L. V.; Smith, E.; Lux, O.; Brodaty, H.; Trollor, J. N.; Sachdev, P.;
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY 60(9):1734-41, 2012
High rates of incident diabetes and prediabetes are evident in men with treated HIV followed for 11 years
McMahon CN, Petoumenos K, Hesse K, Carr A, Cooper DA, Samaras K.
AIDS 32:451-459, 2018
Tobacco smoking and oestrogen replacement are associated with lower total and central fat in monozygotic twins
Samaras, K.;Kelly, P. J.;Spector, T. D.;Chiano, M. N.;Campbell, L. V. :
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 22(2):149-56, 1998
Can the effectiveness of physical activity programs be improved? Response to Clark
Samaras, K.;Campbell, L. V.;Chisholm, D. J. :
DIABETES CARE 21(1):195-6, 1998
Effects of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy on central abdominal fat, glycemic control, lipid metabolism, and vascular factors in type 2 diabetes: a prospective study
Samaras, K.;Hayward, C. S.;Sullivan, D.;Kelly, R. P.;Campbell, L. V. :
DIABETES CARE 22(9):1401-7, 1999
Insulin resistance: more important to identify than quantify
Samaras, K.;Campbell, L. V. :
NEPHROLOGY 10(6):597-8, 2005
Obesity: genes, glands or gluttony?
Chisholm, D. J.;Samaras, K.;Markovic, T.;Carey, D.;Lapsys, N.;Campbell, L. V. :
Reprod Fertil Dev 10(1):49-53, 1998
Proinflammatory Markers, Insulin Sensitivity, and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Treated HIV Infection
Samaras, K.; Gan, S. K.; Peake, P. W.; Carr, A.; Campbell, L. V.
Obesity 17(1):53-9, 2009
Body mass index and waist circumference predict health-related quality of life, but not satisfaction with life, in the elderly
Wang, L.; Crawford, J. D.; Reppermund, S.; Trollor, J.; Campbell, L.; Baune, B. T.; Sachdev, P.; Brodaty, H.; Samaras, K.; Smith, E.
QUALITY OF LIFE RESEARCH 2018
Subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue FTO gene expression and adiposity, insulin action, glucose metabolism, and inflammatory adipokines in type 2 diabetes mellitus and in health
Samaras, K.; Botelho, N. K.; Chisholm, D. J.; Lord, R. V.;
OBESITY SURGERY 20(1):108-13, 2010
No effect of rosiglitazone for treatment of HIV-1 lipoatrophy: randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
Carr, A.;Workman, C.;Carey, D.;Rogers, G.;Martin, A.;Baker, D.;Wand, H.;Law, M.;Samaras, K.;Emery, S.;Cooper, D. A. :
LANCET 363(9407):429-38, 2004
Editorial: With Obesity Becoming the New Normal, What Should We Do?
Samaras, K.; Tevaearai, H.; Goldman, M.; le Coutre, J.; Holly, J. M. P.
Frontiers in Endocrinology 10:250, 2019
Effects of Statins on Memory, Cognition, and Brain Volume in the Elderly.
Samaras K, Makkar SR, Crawford JD, Kochan NA, Slavin MJ, Wen W, Trollor JN, Brodaty H, Sachdev PS.
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY 74(21):2554-2568, 2019
Dietary underreporting is prevalent in middle-aged British women and is not related to adiposity (percentage body fat)
Samaras, K.;Kelly, P. J.;Campbell, L. V. :
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 23(8):881-8, 1999
Genes versus environment. The relationship between dietary fat and total and central abdominal fat
Samaras, K.;Kelly, P. J.;Chiano, M. N.;Arden, N.;Spector, T. D.;Campbell, L. V. :
DIABETES CARE 21(12):2069-76, 1998
Iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome with osteoporosis and secondary adrenal failure in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients receiving inhaled corticosteroids and ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitors: six cases
Samaras, K.;Pett, S.;Gowers, A.;McMurchie, M.;Cooper, D. A. :
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM 90(7):4394-8, 2005
Not so sweet: autoimmune diabetes mellitus on triple therapy for chronic hepatitis C infection
Blanchard, E.
; Vickers, C. R.
; Samaras, K.;
DIABETIC MEDICINE 32(2):e1-3, 2015
Lack of heritability of circulating leptin concentration in humans after adjustment for body size and adiposity using a physiological approach
Jenkins, A. B.;Samaras, K.;Gordon, M. A.;Snieder, H.;Spector, T.;Campbell, L. V. :
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25(11):1625-32, 2001
Mid-life extra-haematopoetic manifestations of Diamond-Blackfan anaemia
Muir, C.; Dodds, A.; Samaras, K.
Endocrinology, diabetes & metabolism case reports 2017:pii: 16-0141, 2017
Subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue gene expression of serum adipokines that predict type 2 diabetes
Samaras, K.; Botelho, N. K.; Chisholm, D. J.; Lord, R. V.;
Obesity 18(5):884-9, 2010
Thyroid cancer in a patient with Lynch syndrome - case report and literature review
Fazekas-Lavu, M.; Parker, A.; Spigelman, A. D.; Scott, R. J.; Epstein, R. J.; Jensen, M.; Samaras, K.
Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management 13:915-918, 2017
What is the evidence, reasons for and impact of weight gain during menopause?
Campbell, L. V.;Samaras, K. :
MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA 173 Suppl:S100-1, 2000
Endocrine Disorders
Samaras, K.
HIV management in Australia: A guideline for clinical care :253-56, 2009
Diabetes risk potentially underestimated in youth and children receiving antipsychotics
Samaras, K.
; Correll, C. U.
; Mitchell, A. J.
; De Hert, M.
; He, A. L. Collaborators Healthy Active Lives for People With Severe Mental Illness;
JAMA Psychiatry 71(2):209-10, 2014
A healthy heart in mind: defusing a cardiometabolic time bomb in mental illness
Samaras, K.; Curtis, J.;
Cardiology Today 1(1):15-21, 2011
Anti-retroviral therapy, insulin resistance and lipodystrophy
Gan, S. K.;Samaras, K.;Carr, A.;Chisholm, D. :
DIABETES OBESITY & METABOLISM 3(2):67-71, 2001
In vivo, nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors alter expression of both mitochondrial and lipid metabolism genes in the absence of depletion of mitochondrial DNA
Mallon, P. W.;Unemori, P.;Sedwell, R.;Morey, A.;Rafferty, M.;Williams, K.;Chisholm, D.;Samaras, K.;Emery, S.;Kelleher, A.;Cooper, D. A.;Carr, A. :
JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES 191(10):1686-96, 2005
Prevalence and pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus in HIV-1 infection treated with combined antiretroviral therapy
Samaras, K.;
JAIDS-JOURNAL OF ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES 50(5):499-505, 2009
Double jeopardy: diabetes and severe mental illness. The special needs of this vulnerable group
Blanchard, E.
; Samaras, K.;
Diabetes Management Journal 4:339-353, 2014
Association of Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes With Cognitive Function After Stroke: A STROKOG Collaboration Study
Lo, J. W.; Crawford, J. D.; Samaras, K.; Desmond, D. W.; Kohler, S.; Staals, J.; Verhey, F. R. J.; Bae, H. J.; Lee, K. J.; Kim, B. J.; Bordet, R.; Cordonnier, C.; Dondaine, T.; Mendyk, A. M.; Lee, B. C.; Yu, K. H.; Lim, J. S.; Kandiah, N.; Chander, R. J.; Yatawara, C.; Lipnicki, D. M.; Sachdev, P. S.; Collaboration*, Strokog
STROKE 51(6):1640-1646, 2020
Benchmarks of Diabetes Care in Men Living With Treated HIV-Infection: A Tertiary Center Experience
Fazekas-Lavu, M.; Tonks, K. T. T.; Samaras, K.
Frontiers in Endocrinology 9:634, 2018
Double jeopardy: diabetes and severe mental illness. The special needs of this vulnerable group
Blanchard, E.
; Samaras, K.;
Diabetes Management 4(4):339-353, 2014
Will older sedentary people with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus start exercising? A health promotion model
Samaras, K.;Ashwell, S.;Mackintosh, A. M.;Fleury, A. C.;Campbell, L. V.;Chisholm, D. J. :
DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE 37(2):121-8, 1997
Evaluating an individualized lifestyle and life skills intervention to prevent antipsychotic-induced weight gain in first-episode psychosis
Curtis, J.
; Watkins, A.
; Rosenbaum, S.
; Teasdale, S.
; Kalucy, M.
; Samaras, K.
; Ward, P. B.;
Early Intervention in Psychiatry 10(3):267-76, 2016
Response to Comment on Samara et al. Metformin Use Is Associated With Slowed Cognitive Decline and Reduced Incident Dementia in Older Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: The Sydney Memory and Ageing Study. Diabetes Care 2020;43:2691-2701
Samaras, K.; Crawford, J. D.; Draper, B.; Trollor, J. N.; Brodaty, H.; Sachdev, P. S.
DIABETES CARE 44(4):e74, 2021
Diabetes and hyperlipidemia in treated HIV infection and approaches for cardiometabolic care
Mcmahon, C.N.
; Blanchard, E.
; Samaras, K.;
Health of HIV Infected People :Chapter 24, 2014
Exercise in NIDDM: are we missing the point?
Samaras, K.;Ashwell, S.;Mackintosh, A. M.;Campbell, L. V.;Chisholm, D. J. :
DIABETIC MEDICINE 13(9):780-1, 1996
The non-genetic determinants of central adiposity
Samaras, K.;Campbell, L. V. :
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 21(10):839-45, 1997
The effectiveness of the Keeping the Body in Mind Xtend pilot lifestyle program on dietary intake in first-episode psychosis: Two-year outcomes
Teasdale, S. B.; Curtis, J.; Ward, P. B.; Watkins, A.; Lederman, O.; Rosenbaum, S.; Kalucy, M.; Lappin, J.; Samaras, K.
Obesity Research & Clinical Practice 13(2):214-216, 2019
Effects of Statins on Memory, Cognition, and Brain Volume in the Elderly
Samaras, K.; Makkar, S. R.; Crawford, J. D.; Kochan, N. A.; Slavin, M. J.; Wen, W.; Trollor, J. N.; Brodaty, H.; Sachdev, P. S.
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY 74(21):2554-2568, 2019
The metabolic syndrome - does its presence really matter?
Blanchard, E.
; Samaras, K.;
Endocrinology Today 3(2):21-25, 2014
Endocrine and metabolic emergencies - HIV and AIDS
Mcmahon, C.N.
; Samaras, K.;
Endocrine and Metabolic Medical Emergencies chapter 6 2014
Metabolic Burden and Disease and Mortality Risk Associated with Impaired Fasting Glucose in Elderly Adults
Samaras, K.
; Crawford, J.
; Lutgers, H. L.
; Campbell, L. V.
; Baune, B. T.
; Lux, O.
; Brodaty, H.
; Trollor, J. N.
; Sachdev, P.;
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY 63(7):1435-42, 2015
Improved indices of insulin resistance and insulin secretion for use in genetic and population studies of type 2 diabetes mellitus
Jenkins, A. B.;Samaras, K.;Carey, D. G.;Kelly, P.;Campbell, L. V. :
Twin Res 3(3):148-51, 2000
Glycemic responses to exercise in IDDM after simple and complex carbohydrate supplementation
Soo, K.;Furler, S. M.;Samaras, K.;Jenkins, A. B.;Campbell, L. V.;Chisholm, D. J. :
DIABETES CARE 19(6):575-9, 1996
The Impact of Weight Gain During HIV Treatment on Risk of Pre-diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Cardiovascular Disease, and Mortality
Kumar, S.; Samaras, K.
Frontiers in Endocrinology 9:705, 2018
Take heart: bariatric surgery in obese patients with severe heart failure. Two case reports
Samaras, K.; Connolly, S. M.; Lord, R. V.; Macdonald, P.; Hayward, C. S.;
Heart Lung and Circulation 21(12):847-9, 2012
Metformin Use Is Associated With Slowed Cognitive Decline and Reduced Incident Dementia in Older Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: The Sydney Memory and Ageing Study
Samaras, K.; Makkar, S.; Crawford, J. D.; Kochan, N. A.; Wen, W.; Draper, B.; Trollor, J. N.; Brodaty, H.; Sachdev, P. S.
DIABETES CARE 43(11):2691-2701, 2020
2-year follow-up: Still keeping the body in mind
Curtis, J.; Watkins, A.; Teasdale, S.; Lederman, O.; Kalucy, M.; Lappin, J.; Samaras, K.; Rosenbaum, S.; Ward, P. B.
AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY :4867417753553, 2018
Is Obesity in Young People With Psychosis a Foregone Conclusion? Markedly Excessive Energy Intake Is Evident Soon After Antipsychotic Initiation
Teasdale, S. B.; Ward, P. B.; Jarman, R.; Wade, T.; Rossimel, E.; Curtis, J.; Lappin, J.; Watkins, A.; Samaras, K.
Frontiers in Psychiatry 9 2018
Beta 3-adrenergic receptor gene polymorphisms and determination of adiposity and fat distribution in normal female twins
Keen, R. W.;Samaras, K.;Richens, K. L.;Spector, T. D.;Campbell, L. V.;Kelly, P. J. :
DIABETOLOGIA 40(1):122-3, 1997
Hypercarotenaemia
Manolios, N.;Samaras, K. :
INTERNAL MEDICINE JOURNAL 36(8):534, 2006
HIV, insulin resistance and cardiovascular disease
Samaras, K.
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports 3(1):59-64, 2009
Endocrine disease in HIV infection
Samaras, K.;
Best practice & research. Clinical endocrinology & metabolism 25(3):vii-viii, 2011
A syndrome of peripheral lipodystrophy, hyperlipidaemia and insulin resistance in patients receiving HIV protease inhibitors
Carr, A.;Samaras, K.;Burton, S.;Law, M.;Freund, J.;Chisholm, D. J.;Cooper, D. A. :
AIDS 12(7):F51-8, 1998