Androgen regulation of multidrug resistance-associated protein 4 (MRP4/ABCC4) in prostate cancer
BACKGROUND: MRP4/ABCC4 is an ATP-binding cassette transporter expressed in normal prostate. This study aimed to define the pattern of MRP4/ABCC4 expression in normal and malignant prostate tissue and the relationship of MRP4/ABCC4 expression and function in response to androgen signaling. METHODS: Eighty-four radical prostatectomy specimens from patients with localized prostate cancer (PC) (22 neoadjuvant androgen ablation, AA, 62 no AA), 42 non-cancer and 16 advanced PCs were assessed for MRP4/ABCC4 mRNA/protein expression. The effect of DHT and bicalutamide on LNCaP cells was assessed by immunoblotting. HEK293 cells (+/-MRP4/ABCC4) were assessed for the ability to efflux androgens and anti-androgens. RESULTS: MRP4/ABCC4 mRNA/protein levels were higher in localized PC compared to non-cancer (P = 0.006). MRP4/ABCC4 levels were significantly decreased in PCs treated with AA compared to cancers exposed to normal testosterone levels (P < 0.0001). MRP4/ABCC4 expression in normal human tissues was limited to the prostate and the renal tubules. MRP4/ABCC4 protein levels increased in LNCaP cells after DHT which was partially blocked by bicalutamide. However, DHT did not alter the activation of the MRP4/ABCC4 promotor in luciferase reporter assays and testosterone, DHT, flutamide and hydroxy-flutamide were not substrates for MRP4/ABCC4. DISCUSSION: Elevated MRP4/ABCC4 expression is found in malignant compared to benign prostate tissue while lower MRP4/ABCC4 expression is seen after AA. Furthermore, MRP4/ABCC4 is upregulated by androgen and downregulated by anti-androgen treatment in vitro potentially through an indirect mode of action. These data strongly suggest that MRP4/ABCC4 is an androgen-regulated gene important in the progression to PC and may be a potential drug target.
|Authors||Ho, L. L.; Kench, J. G.; Handelsman, D. J.; Scheffer, G. L.; Stricker, P. D.; Grygiel, J. G.; Sutherland, R. L.; Henshall, S. M.; Allen, J. D.; Horvath, L. G.|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=18615486|
|OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version||https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/open-access/10086|