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The addition of rosiglitazone to insulin in adolescents with type 1 diabetes and poor glycaemic control: a randomized-controlled trial


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of rosiglitazone, an insulin sensitizer, on glycaemic control and insulin resistance in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial of rosiglitazone (4 mg twice daily) vs. placebo (24 wk each, with a 4 wk washout period). Entry criteria were diabetes duration >1 yr, age 10-18 yr, puberty (>or=Tanner breast stage 2 or testicular volume >4 mL), insulin dose >or=1.1 units/kg/day, and haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) >8%. Responses to rosiglitazone were compared with placebo using paired t-tests. RESULTS: Of 36 adolescents recruited (17 males), 28 completed the trial. At baseline, age was 13.6 +/- 1.8 yr, HbA1c 8.9 +/- 0.96%, body mass index standard deviation scores (BMI-SDS) 0.94 +/- 0.74 and insulin dose 1.5 +/- 0.3 units/kg/day. Compared with placebo, rosiglitazone resulted in decreased insulin dose (5.8% decrease vs. 9.4% increase, p = 0.02), increased serum adiponectin (84.8% increase vs. 26.0% decrease, p < 0.01), increased cholesterol (+0.5 mmol/L vs. no change, p = 0.02), but no significant change in HbA1c (-0.3 vs. -0.1, p = 0.57) or BMI-SDS (0.08 vs. 0.04, p = 0.31). Insulin sensitivity was highly variable in the seven subjects who consented to euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamps. There were no major adverse effects attributable to rosiglitazone. CONCLUSION: The addition of rosiglitazone to insulin did not improve HbA1c in this group of normal weight adolescents with T1DM.

Type Journal
ISBN 1399-5448 (Electronic)
Authors Stone, M. L.; Walker, J. L.; Chisholm, D.; Craig, M. E.; Donaghue, K. C.; Crock, P.; Anderson, D.; Verge, C. F.
Published Date 2008-07-28
Published Volume 9
Published Issue 4 Pt 1
Published Pages 326-34
Status Published in-print
URL link to publisher's version
OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version