Cyclin D1 and estrogen receptor messenger RNA levels are positively correlated in primary breast cancer
The CCND1 gene, encoding the cell cycle regulatory protein cyclin D1, maps to chromosome 11q13, a locus that is amplified in about 13% of breast cancers. Because several studies have indicated a relationship between 11q13 amplification and markers of phenotype including estrogen receptor (ER) status, we tested the relationship between CCND1 and ER gene expression in 364 primary breast cancers using Northern blot analysis. Seventy-three % of samples were positive for ER mRNA, and cyclin D1 mRNA levels in the ER-positive group were significantly higher than those in the ER-negative group (P = 0.0001). When the samples were divided into quartiles of cyclin D1 expression, 58% of samples were ER positive in the lowest quartile and 87% in the highest quartile. The tumors expressing the highest levels of cyclin D1 (7%) were all ER positive. Furthermore, ER mRNA levels in the half with lower cyclin D1 mRNA were significantly less than in the half with higher cyclin D1 levels (P = 0.0001). Using simple regression analysis, there was a significant positive correlation between cyclin D1 and ER mRNA levels in the total population (P = 0.0001). This study demonstrates that cyclin D1 mRNA and ER mRNA are positively correlated in primary breast cancer, but the functional relationship between these genes remains to be elucidated.
|Authors||Hui, R.;Cornish, A. L.;McClelland, R. A.;Robertson, J. F.;Blamey, R. W.;Musgrove, E. A.;Nicholson, R. I.;Sutherland, R. L. :|
|Publisher Name||CLIN CANCER RES|
|Published Date||1996-01-01 00:00:00|