The beta 3-adrenergic receptor gene Trp64Arg mutation is overrepresented in obese women. Effects on weight, BMI, abdominal fat, blood pressure, and reproductive history in an elderly Australian population
A tryptophan to arginine (Trp64Arg) mutation in the beta 3-adrenergic receptor (beta 3-AR) gene has been implicated in diabetes and obesity. We investigated the relationship of the beta 3-AR gene mutation with total body weight, BMI, central abdominal fat, blood pressure (BP), and reproductive history in 686 elderly subjects (429 women, 257 men; mean age 69.8 +/- 6.9 [+/-SD] years) from a cross section of a normal population in Australia. About 14% of the test population were heterozygote carriers of the Trp64Arg mutation; however, significant effects on clinical parameters were only observed in women. The frequency of the mutation was significantly increased in obese women compared with lean women (BMI > or = 27: 20% compared with BMI < 27: 11%, P = 0.02). Significantly higher total body weight (67.5 +/- 12.9 vs. 64.1 +/- 12.2 kg, P = 0.03) and BMI (26.3 +/- 4.7 vs. 25.1 +/- 4.5 kg/m2, P = 0.03) was observed in heterozygote women compared with normal subjects (homozygous for tryptophan). Central abdominal fat was not significantly different, except in women under 70 years, where heterozygotes had 16% higher abdominal fat compared with normal subjects. Female heterozygotes had significantly higher diastolic BP, even after adjustment for age and BMI (88.9 +/- 11.1 vs. 84.2 +/- 10.8 mmHg, P = 0.003) and a longer reproductive life, with an earlier menarche (12.8 +/- 1.3 vs. 13.4 +/- 1.5 years, P = 0.006), a higher gravidity (4.4 +/- 2.4 vs. 3.5 +/- 2.1, P = 0.01), and higher parity (3.8 +/- 2.0 vs. 3.0 +/- 1.9, P = 0.005). Clearly, the beta 3-AR mutation has pleiotrophic effects on a number of physiological systems, including BMI, BP, and reproductive history, perhaps suggesting evolutionary reasons for its maintenance in the population.
|Authors||Kurabayashi, T.;Carey, D. G.;Morrison, N. A. :|
|Published Date||1996-01-01 00:00:00|