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Serum growth hormone-binding protein in obesity: effect of a short-term, very low calorie diet and diet-induced weight loss


GH-binding protein (GHBP) is increased in obesity. It is not known whether the increase in GHBP is reversible with weight loss or modulated by acute changes in nutritional intake. To address these questions, we measured GHBP in 18 obese subjects [body mass index (BMI), 40.9 +/- 1.1 kg/m2 (mean +/-SEM)] before and after an average weight loss of 30.3 +/- 4.6 kg and in 18 age- and sex matched normal subjects (BMI, 23.0 +/- 0.4 kg/m2) and studied the effects of a very low calorie diet over 4 days in 5 normal subjects and a subgroup of obese subjects before (n = 6) and after (n = 5) weight loss. GHBP was elevated in the obese subjects compared to levels in age- and sex-matched normal controls (1.48 +/- 0.1 vs. 0.53 +/- 0.1 nmol/L; P < 0.0001). GHBP was positively correlated to BMI and waist circumference (r = 0.71; P < 0.00001 and r = 0.73; P < 0.00001, respectively). In addition, GHBP was positively correlated to insulin as well as proinsulin levels (r = 0.60; P < 0.001 and r = 0.55; P < 0.001, respectively). After diet-induced massive weight loss, GHBP levels were restored to normal in obese subjects (BMI, 27.8 +/- 1.4 kg/m2). Multiple stepwise regression analysis revealed that changes in waist circumference and abdominal sagittal diameter during weight loss were the major determinants of and accounted for 54% of the fall in GHBP levels. Neither insulin nor proinsulin was an independent predictor. No changes were observed in GHBP in normal, obese, or reduced weight obese subjects after 4 days of a very low calorie diet, although mean insulin levels fell significantly in the normal subgroup as well as in the obese subgroup studied after weight loss. In summary, GHBP levels are elevated in obesity, are restored to normal by massive weight loss, and are unaffected by short term hypocaloric feeding. We conclude that GHBP may be regulated by the same or closely related factors that regulate fat mass and abdominal fat mass in particular, but not by insulin or acute changes in nutrition.

Type Journal
ISBN 0021-972X (Print)
Authors Rasmussen, M. H.;Ho, K. K.;Kjems, L.;Hilsted, J. :
Published Date 1996-01-01
Published Volume 81
Published Issue 4
Published Pages 1519-24
Status Published in-print
URL link to publisher's version