Toll-like receptor 5- and lymphotoxin beta receptor-dependent epithelial Ccl20 expression involves the same NF-kappaB binding site but distinct NF-kappaB pathways and dynamics
Canonical and alternative NF-kappaB pathways depend on distinct NF-kappaB members and regulate expression of different gene subset in inflammatory and steady state conditions, respectively. In intestinal epithelial cells, both pathways control the transcription of the gene coding the CCL20 chemokine. Lymphotoxin beta receptor (LTbetaR) mediates long lasting CCL20 expression whereas Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) signals promote inducible and transient activation. Here, we investigated whether the regulation of ccl20 expression involves different promoter sites and NF-kappaB molecules in response to TLR5 and LTbetaR stimulation. In epithelial cells, both stimulation required the same promoter regions, especially the NF-kappaB binding site but involved different NF-kappaB isoforms: p65/p50 and p52/RelB, for TLR5 and LTbetaR-dependent activation, respectively. The dynamic of activation and interaction with CCL20-specific NF-kappaB site correlated with gene transcription. Similar Ccl20 expression and NF-kappaB activation was found in the small intestine of mice stimulated with TLR5 and LTbetaR agonists. In summary, different NF-kappaB pathways modulate CCL20 transcription by operating on the same NF-kappaB binding site in the same cell type.
|Authors||Sirard, J. C.; Didierlaurent, A.; Cayet, D.; Sierro, F.; Rumbo, M.;|
|Publisher Name||BBA-MOL BASIS DIS|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=19303953|
|OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version||https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/open-access/10465|