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Redefining the expression and function of the inhibitor of differentiation 1 in mammary gland development


The accumulation of poorly differentiated cells is a hallmark of breast neoplasia and progression. Thus an understanding of the factors controlling mammary differentiation is critical to a proper understanding of breast tumourigenesis. The Inhibitor of Differentiation 1 (Id1) protein has well documented roles in the control of mammary epithelial differentiation and proliferation in vitro and breast cancer progression in vivo. However, it has not been determined whether Id1 expression is sufficient for the inhibition of mammary epithelial differentiation or the promotion of neoplastic transformation in vivo. We now show that Id1 is not commonly expressed by the luminal mammary epithelia, as previously reported. Generation and analysis of a transgenic mouse model of Id1 overexpression in the mammary gland reveals that Id1 is insufficient for neoplastic progression in virgin animals or to prevent terminal differentiation of the luminal epithelia during pregnancy and lactation. Together, these data demonstrate that there is no luminal cell-autonomous role for Id1 in mammary epithelial cell fate determination, ductal morphogenesis and terminal differentiation.

Type Journal
ISBN 1932-6203 (Electronic) 1932-6203 (Linking)
Authors Nair, R.; Junankar, S.; O'Toole, S.; Shah, J.; McFarland, A.; Borovsky, A.; Bishop, M.J.; Swarbrick, A.
Publisher Name PLoS One
Published Date 2010-08-01
Published Volume 5
Published Issue 8
Published Pages e11947
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0011947
URL link to publisher's version
OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version