Antisense estrogen receptor RNA expression increases epidermal growth factor receptor gene expression in breast cancer cells
In human breast cancer, progression to a more malignant phenotype is often accompanied by decreased expression of estrogen receptor (ER) and increased expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Higher levels of this receptor tyrosine kinase are found in tumors lacking ER, and a quantitative, inverse relationship exists between the level of ER and EGFR mRNA in human breast cell lines. Antisense ER (ASER) RNA was used to evaluate the consequence of decreased ER expression in breast cancer cells, specifically to determine whether ER is involved in the regulation of EGFR gene expression. ER-positive MCF-7 human breast cancer cells were transfected with ASER, and clones constitutively expressing ASER RNA had decreased ER and up to a 3-fold increase in the expression of EGFR mRNA. To confirm that this observation was a direct consequence of ASER expression, a metal-inducible ASER expression construct was transfected into MCF-7 cells, and transfected clones were isolated and characterized. Northern analysis revealed an induction of ASER RNA within 1 h of the addition of zinc, which was followed by a 4-fold increase in EGFR mRNA levels, maximal at 6-12 h. The basal level of expression of the glucocorticoid receptor is also inversely related to that of ER among breast cancer cell lines, but neither constitutive nor inducible expression of ASER affected the expression of glucocorticoid receptor. These data support the hypothesis that the level of expression of ER specifically influences the expression of EGFR in human breast cancer cells and provides a potential link between loss of steroid sensitivity and the acquisition of autonomous growth.
|Authors||deFazio, A.;Chiew, Y. E.;McEvoy, M.;Watts, C. K.;Sutherland, R. L. :|
|Publisher Name||Cell Growth Differ|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=9269899|