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Ex-vivo expanded DC induce donor-specific central and peripheral tolerance and prolong the acceptance of donor skin allografts


Dendritic cells (DCs) are known to regulate immune responses by inducing both central and peripheral tolerance. DCs play a vital role in negative selection of developing thymocytes by deleting T cells with high-affinity for self-peptide-major histocompatibility complexes. In the periphery, DCs mediate peripheral tolerance by promoting regulatory T-cell development, induction of T-cell unresponsiveness, and deletion of activated T cells. We studied whether allogeneic DCs, obtained from bone marrow cultured with either Flt3L (FLDCs) or granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GMDCs), could induce allospecific central and peripheral tolerance after IV injection; B cells were used as a control. The results showed that only FLDCs reached the thymus after injection and that these cells induced both central and peripheral tolerance to donor major histocompatibility complexes. For central tolerance, injection of FLDCs induced antigen-specific clonal deletion of both CD8 and CD4 single-positive thymocytes. For peripheral tolerance, injection of FLDCs induced donor-specific T-cell unresponsiveness and prolonged survival of donor-derived skin grafts. Tolerance induction by adoptive transfer of FLDCs could be a useful approach for promoting graft acceptance after organ transplantation.

Authors Yamano, T.; Watanabe, S.; Hasegawa, H.; Suzuki, T.; Abe, R.; Tahara, H.; Nitta, T.; Ishimaru, N.; Sprent, J.; Kishimoto, H.:
Publisher Name Blood
Published Date 2011-02-27
Published Volume 117
Published Issue 9
Published Pages 2640-8
Status Published in-print
URL link to publisher's version
OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version