B cell-directed therapies in type 1 diabetes
B cells play a pathogenic role as antigen-presenting cells and autoantibody secretors in the lead up to T cell-mediated autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells in type 1 diabetes (T1D). This has led to significant interest in the use of B cell depletion therapies as a treatment for T1D. In this review, we compare results from five recent studies that used distinct B cell-depleting agents and protocols to successfully prevent and even reverse T1D in the non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse model. We discuss how information gained from animal studies could be used to improve on the positive outcomes of a completed phase II clinical trial of the B cell-depleting drug rituximab in humans with recent-onset T1D.
|Authors||Marino, E.; Silveira, P.A.; Stolp, J.; Grey, S. T.:|
|Publisher Name||TRENDS IMMUNOL|
|Published Date||2011-06-03 00:00:00|