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A soluble bone morphogenetic protein type IA receptor increases bone mass and bone strength


Diseases such as osteoporosis are associated with reduced bone mass. Therapies to prevent bone loss exist, but there are few that stimulate bone formation and restore bone mass. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are members of the TGFbeta superfamily, which act as pleiotropic regulators of skeletal organogenesis and bone homeostasis. Ablation of the BMPR1A receptor in osteoblasts increases bone mass, suggesting that inhibition of BMPR1A signaling may have therapeutic benefit. The aim of this study was to determine the skeletal effects of systemic administration of a soluble BMPR1A fusion protein (mBMPR1A-mFc) in vivo. mBMPR1A-mFc was shown to bind BMP2/4 specifically and with high affinity and prevent downstream signaling. mBMPR1A-mFc treatment of immature and mature mice increased bone mineral density, cortical thickness, trabecular bone volume, thickness and number, and decreased trabecular separation. The increase in bone mass was due to an early increase in osteoblast number and bone formation rate, mediated by a suppression of Dickkopf-1 expression. This was followed by a decrease in osteoclast number and eroded surface, which was associated with a decrease in receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) production, an increase in osteoprotegerin expression, and a decrease in serum tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP5b) concentration. mBMPR1A treatment also increased bone mass and strength in mice with bone loss due to estrogen deficiency. In conclusion, mBMPR1A-mFc stimulates osteoblastic bone formation and decreases bone resorption, which leads to an increase in bone mass, and offers a promising unique alternative for the treatment of bone-related disorders.

Type Journal
Authors Baud'huin, M.; Solban, N.; Cornwall-Brady, M.; Sako, D.; Kawamoto, Y.; Liharska, K.; Lath, D.; Bouxsein, M.L.; Underwood, K.W.; Ucran, J.; Kumar, R.; Pobre, E.; Grinberg, A.V.; Seehra, J.; Canalis, E.; Pearsall, R.S.; Croucher, P.I.
Responsible Garvan Author Prof Peter Croucher
Published Date 2012-07-24
Published Volume 109
Published Issue 30
Published Pages 12207-12
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1073/pnas.1204929109
URL link to publisher's version
OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version