A Novel SERPINA1 Mutation Causing Serum Alpha(1)-Antitrypsin Deficiency
Mutations in the SERPINA1 gene can cause deficiency in the circulating serine protease inhibitor alpha(1)-Antitrypsin (alpha(1)AT). alpha(1)AT deficiency is the major contributor to pulmonary emphysema and liver disease in persons of European ancestry, with a prevalence of 1 in 2500 in the USA. We present the discovery and characterization of a novel SERPINA1 mutant from an asymptomatic Middle Eastern male with circulating alpha(1)AT deficiency. This 49 base pair deletion mutation (T379Delta), originally mistyped by IEF, causes a frame-shift replacement of the last sixteen alpha(1)AT residues and adds an extra twenty-four residues. Functional analysis showed that the mutant protein is not secreted and prone to intracellular aggregation.
|ISBN||1932-6203 (Electronic) 1932-6203 (Linking)|
|Authors||Saunders, D. N.; Tindall, E. A.; Shearer, R. F.; Roberson, J.; Decker, A.; Wilson, J. A.; Hayes, V. M.;|
|Publisher Name||PLoS ONE|
|Published Date||2012-12-20 00:00:00|