Mouse prolactin receptor gene: genomic organization reveals alternative promoter usage and generation of isoforms via alternative 3'-exon splicing
In rodents, the prolactin receptor is expressed as multiple isoforms with identical extracellular and membrane-proximal region sequences but with different 3' sequences, encoding different cytoplasmic regions, and different 5' untranslated region (UTR) sequences. These divergent sequences could be the result of multiple prolactin receptor genes or of a single gene which displays alternative promoter usage and 3'-exon splicing. To investigate the molecular basis for these observations, we have cloned and determined the organization of the mouse prolactin receptor gene. Genomic DNA cloning allowed the arrangement of promoters 1A, 1B, and 1C to be determined. 5'-RACE-PCR from mouse liver identified two novel 5' prolactin receptor sequences, indicating that the gene has at least five different promoters, four of which are active in liver. The remaining nonvariable 5' UTR is encoded by a separate exon (exon 2), while a further 11 coding exons follow, the last 4 of which are alternatively spliced to produce the four isoforms of the receptor. Functional units were found to be exon specific. Thus, the multiple prolactin receptor isoforms are the product of a single gene of >120 kb which displays multiple promoter usage and 3'-exon splicing.
|Authors||Ormandy, C. J.;Binart, N.;Helloco, C.;Kelly, P. A. :|
|Responsible Garvan Author|
|Publisher Name||DNA AND CELL BIOLOGY|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=9778035|