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Effects of raloxifene and estrogen on bioactive IGF1 in GH-deficient women


CONTEXT: GH action is attenuated by estrogens and selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) administered orally. During GH therapy in hypopituitary women, co-treatment with raloxifene, a SERM, induced a smaller gain in lean body mass (LBM) compared with estrogen, despite an equal reduction in IGF1. As a higher IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP3) level was observed with raloxifene co-treatment, we hypothesize that an increase in IGFBP3 reduced IGF1 bioactivity causing the attenuated anabolic effect. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) and raloxifene on bioactive IGF1. DESIGN: In study 1, 12 GH-deficient (GHD) women were randomized to raloxifene 120 mg/day or E(2) 4 mg/day for 1 month. In study 2, 16 GHD women were randomized to 1 month GH treatment alone (0.5 mg/day) and in combination with raloxifene (60 mg/day) or E(2) (2 mg/day). We measured bioactive IGF1, immunoreactive IGF1 and IGF2, and IGFBP3 immunoreactivity and fragmentation. RESULTS: Raloxifene and estrogen suppressed (P<0.05) total IGF1 equally in GHD and GH-replaced hypopituitary women. In GHD patients, neither raloxifene nor estrogen affected bioactive IGF1. GH significantly increased IGF1 bioactivity, an effect attenuated by co-treatment with raloxifene (Delta -23 +/- 7%, P<0.01) and estrogen (Delta -26 +/- 3%, P=0.06). Total IGF1 correlated (r(2)=0.54, P<0.001) with bioactive IGF1, which represented 3.1 +/- 0.2% of the total IGF1, irrespective of the treatments. Total IGF2 was unchanged by raloxifene and estrogen treatment. IGFBP3 was significantly higher during raloxifene administration, whereas no differences in IGFBP3 fragmentation were observed. CONCLUSION: Raloxifene effect on bioactive IGF1 is similar to that of estrogen despite higher IGFBP3 levels during raloxifene administration. We conclude that the observed different effects on LBM between raloxifene and estrogen treatments cannot be explained by differences in IGF1 bioactivity.

Type Journal
Authors Birzniece, V.; Magnusson, N. E.; Ho, K. K.; Frystyk, J.
Responsible Garvan Author (missing name)
Published Date 2014-03-01
Published Volume 170
Published Issue 3
Published Pages 375-83
Status Published in-print
URL link to publisher's version
OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version