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Stability of the human pregnane X receptor is regulated by E3 ligase UBR5 and serine/threonine kinase DYRK2


The hPXR (human pregnane X receptor), a major chemical toxin sensor, is a ligand-induced transcription factor activated by various xenobiotics and toxins, resulting in the transcriptional up-regulation of detoxifying enzymes. To date, little is known about the upstream regulation of hPXR. Using MS analysis and a kinome-wide siRNA screen, we report that the E3 ligase UBR5 (ubiquitin protein ligase E3 component n-recognin 5) and DYRK2 (dual-specificity tyrosine-phosphorylation-regulated kinase 2) regulate hPXR stability. UBR5 knockdown resulted in accumulation of cellular hPXR and a concomitant increase in hPXR activity, whereas the rescue of UBR5 knockdown decreased the cellular hPXR level and activity. Importantly, UBR5 exerted its effect in concert with the serine/threonine kinase DYRK2, as the knockdown of DYRK2 phenocopied UBR5 knockdown. hPXR was shown to be a substrate for DYRK2, and DYRK2-dependent phosphorylation of hPXR facilitated its subsequent ubiquitination by UBR5. This is the first report of the post-translational regulation of hPXR via phosphorylation-facilitated ubiquitination by DYRK2 and UBR5. The results of the present study reveal the role of the ubiquitin-proteasomal pathway in modulating hPXR activity and indicate that pharmacological inhibitors of the ubiquitin-proteasomal pathway that regulate hPXR stability may negatively affect treatment outcome from unintended hPXR-mediated drug-drug interactions.

Type Journal
ISBN 1470-8728 (Electronic) 0264-6021 (Linking)
Authors Ong, S. S. ; Goktug, A. N. ; Elias, A. ; Wu, J. ; Saunders, D. ; Chen, T.;
Published Date 2014-01-01
Published Volume 459
Published Issue 1
Published Pages 193-203
Status Published in-print
URL link to publisher's version
OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version