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High proportion of rare and compound epidermal growth factor receptor mutations in an Australian population of non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer


BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation positivity in primary non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may confer increased sensitivity to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy with improved progression-free survival over EGFR wild-type tumours. Some mutation subtypes may not confer such TKI sensitivity. The incidence of rare and compound subtypes in the Australian lung cancer population is not fully defined. AIMS: The aim of the study was to audit the incidence of EGFR mutation in serial cases of primary non-squamous NSCLC presenting to two multidisciplinary team meetings in metropolitan Sydney for incidence, type of mutation and phenotypic association with mutation positivity. METHODS: Serially presenting cases of primary non-squamous NSCLC were tested for EGFR mutation. The cases presented to either of two multidisciplinary team meetings in metropolitan Sydney and were referred for EGFR mutation testing on the basis of non-squamous NSCLC histopathology. Samples from the two sites were analysed for EGFR mutation at one of three different laboratories, each using a slightly different assay. Data on phenotypic characteristics, smoking history and clinicopathological features of the tumour were collected. RESULTS: There is a relatively high incidence of EGFR mutation in non-squamous NSCLC in a series of patients drawn from two metropolitan multidisciplinary team meetings in Sydney at a rate of 23.8%. A high proportion of rare and compound EGFR mutations were identified (6/32 mutation positive cases, 18.8%). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of EGFR mutation may be higher in Australian populations than in other populations of predominantly European origin. Rare and compound EGFR mutations may occur and may have implications for treatment that differ from classically activating mutations.

Type Journal
ISBN 1445-5994 (Electronic) 1444-0903 (Linking)
Authors Stone, E.; Allen, H. A.; Saghaie, T.; Abbott, A.; Daniel, R.; Mead, R. S.; Kohonen-Corish, M.; Plit, M.; Morgan, L.;
Publisher Name INTERN MED J
Published Date 2014-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 44
Published Issue 12a
Published Pages 1188-92
Status Published In-print
OpenAccess Link Med J.pdf