Protein kinase Ciota activity is necessary for Bcr-Abl-mediated resistance to drug-induced apoptosis
K562 chronic myelogenous leukemia cells are highly resistant to chemotherapeutic drugs, such as taxol, that induce cell death by apoptosis. This resistance is mediated by the chimeric tyrosine kinase oncogene Bcr-Abl. However, little is known about the mechanism by which Bcr-Abl protects K562 cells from apoptosis. We recently demonstrated that expression of PKCiota is necessary for the resistance of K562 cells to taxol-induced apoptosis (Murray, N. R., and Fields, A. P. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 27521-27524). We now demonstrate that treatment of K562 cells with taxol leads to sustained activation of PKCiota. In contrast, Bcr-Abl-negative HL60 myeloid leukemia cells, which are sensitive to taxol-induced apoptosis, do not exhibit sustained PKCiota activation in response to taxol. Treatment of K562 cells with tyrphostin AG957, a selective Bcr-Abl inhibitor, blocks taxol-induced PKCiota activation and sensitizes these cells to taxol-induced apoptosis, indicating that PKCiota is a relevant downstream target of Bcr-Abl-mediated resistance. Furthermore, expression of constitutively active PKCiota by adenovirus-mediated gene transfer rescues AG957-treated K562 cells from taxol-induced apoptosis. Taken together, these results demonstrate that both Bcr-Abl and PKCiota activity are necessary for apoptotic resistance in K562 cells. Furthermore, they identify PKCiota as a critical downstream target of Bcr-Abl that is sufficient to mediate the anti-apoptotic effects of Bcr-Abl.
|Authors||Jamieson, L.;Carpenter, L.;Biden, T. J.;Fields, A. P. :|
|Publisher Name||J BIOL CHEM|
|Published Date||1999-01-01 00:00:00|