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Prevalence and pattern of radiographic intervertebral disc degeneration in Vietnamese: a population-based study

Abstract

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is one of the most common skeletal disorders, yet few data are available in Asian populations. We sought to assess the prevalence and pattern of radiographic IDD in a Vietnamese population. This population-based cross-sectional investigation involved 170 men and 488 women aged C40 years, who were randomly sampled from the Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam). Anthropometric data, clinical history and self-reported back and neck pain were ascertained by a questionnaire. Plain radiographs (from the cervical spine, thoracic spine to the lumbar spine) were examined for the presence of disc space narrowing and/or osteophytosis using the Kellgren?Lawrence (KL) grading system. The presence of radiographic IDD was defined if the KL grade was 2 or greater in at least one disc. The prevalence of radiographic IDD was 62.4 % (n = 106) in men and 54.7 % (n = 267) in women. The most frequently affected site was the lumbar spine with prevalence being 50.6 and 43.2 % in men and women, respectively. The prevalence of IDD increased with advancing age: 18.8 % among those aged 40?49 years, and increased to 83.4 % in those aged C60 years. Self-reported neck pain and lower back pain were found in 30 and 44 % of individuals, respectively. There was no statistically significant association between self-reported neck pain and cervical spine OA. These data suggest that radiographic IDD is highly prevalent in the Vietnamese population, and that self-reported back pain is not a sensitive indicator of IDD.

Type Journal
ISBN 0171-967X
Authors Ho-Pham, L.T.; Lai, T.Q.; Mai, L.D.; Doan, M.C.; Pham, H.N.; Nguyen, T.V.
Garvan Authors Prof Tuan Nguyen
Publisher Name CALCIFIED TISSUE INT
Published Date 2015-06-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 96
Published Issue 6
Published Pages 510-7
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25791571
Status Published in-print