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Interleukin-17A-Induced Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells Are Superior Modulators of Immunological Function. Stem Cells 2015

Abstract

Interferon-? (IFN-?)-preactivated mesenchymal stem cells (MSC-?) are highly immunosuppressive but immunogenic in vivo due to their inherent expression of major histocompatibility (MHC) molecules. Here, we present an improved approach where we modified human bone marrow-derived MSC with interleukin-17A (MSC-17) to enhance T cell immunosuppression but not their immunogenicity. MSC-17, unlike MSC-?, showed no induction or upregulation of MHC class I, MHC class II, and T cell costimulatory molecule CD40, but maintained normal MSC morphology and phenotypic marker expression. When cocultured with phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-activated human T cells, MSCs-17 were potent suppressors of T cell proliferation. Furthermore, MSC-17 inhibited surface CD25 expression and suppressed the elaboration of Th1 cytokines, IFN-?, tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?), and IL-2 when compared with untreated MSCs (UT-MSCs). T cell suppression by MSC-17 correlated with increased IL-6 but not with indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1, cyclooxygenase 1, and transforming growth factor ?-1. MSC-17 but not MSC-? consistently induced CD4+ CD25high CD127low FoxP3+ regulatory T cells (iTregs) from PHA-activated CD4+ CD25- T cells. MSC-induced iTregs expressed CD39, CD73, CD69, OX40, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4), and glucocorticoid-induced TNFR-related protein (GITR). These suppressive MSCs-17 can engender Tregs to potently suppress T cell activation with minimal immunogenicity and thus represent a superior T cell immunomodulator for clinical application

Type Journal
Authors Sivanathan, KN.;Rojas-Canales, D.; Hope, CM.; Krishnan, R.; Carroll, RP.; Gronthos, S.; Grey, ST.; Coates, PT.
Garvan Authors A/Prof Shane Grey
Publisher Name STEM CELLS
Published Date 2015-09-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 33
Published Issue 9
Published Pages 2850-63
Status Published in-print