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Alterations of MET gene copy number and protein expression in primary non-small-cell lung cancer and corresponding nodal metastases


INTRODUCTION: Mesenchymal epithelial transition factor (MET) is a promising therapeutic target in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) but there are limited data about MET alterations in treatment-naive NSCLC and whether or not these changes are consistent between primary tumors and metastases. We aimed to investigate concordance, clinicopathological correlations, and prognostic value of MET alterations in primary NSCLC and corresponding nodal metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MET gene copy number (GCN) status was evaluated using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and MET protein expression using immunohistochemistry (IHC) in tissue microarray sections from a retrospective cohort of 300 surgically resected NSCLCs including 93 cases with nodal metastases. RESULTS: Primary NSCLCs were MET IHC positive in 28 (10.3%) of cases and MET FISH positive (high polysomy or amplification) in 22 (8.1%) but only 1 (0.4%) showed amplification. In metastases, high MET GCN (18.3%) and protein expression (21.3%) was more frequent compared with primary tumors. The status of MET in lymph nodes significantly correlated with MET status in the corresponding primary tumors. Squamous cell carcinomas showed lower MET overexpression compared with nonsquamous tumors but there were no other associations with clinicopathological characteristics. Patients with tumors that were either MET FISH positive or IHC positive had a significantly better overall survival in univariate and multivariate analyses. CONCLUSION: Alterations of MET are more commonly seen in nodal metastases than primary tumors and this might have implications for their utility as predictive biomarkers to select patients for MET inhibition. MET overexpression and MET high polysomy occur in a low proportion of primary NSCLCs and is associated with a good prognosis.

Type Journal
ISBN 1938-0690 (Electronic) 1525-7304 (Linking)
Authors Tran, T. N.; Selinger, C. I.; Kohonen-Corish, M. R.; McCaughan, B.; Kennedy, C.; O'Toole, S. A.; Cooper, W. A.;
Publisher Name Clinical Lung Cancer
Published Date 2016-01-01
Published Volume 17
Published Issue 1
Published Pages 30-8 e1
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1016/j.cllc.2015.08.002.
URL link to publisher's version
OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version