Distribution and abundance of messenger ribonucleic acid for growth hormone receptor isoforms in human tissues
Two alternatively spliced exon 9 variants of human GH receptor (GHR) messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA), GHR-(1-279) and GHR(1-277), were recently identified in liver. They encode receptor proteins lacking most of the intracellular domain and inhibit GH action in a dominant negative manner. Little is known about tissue distribution and abundance of these GHR isoforms. We have developed quantitative RT-PCR assays specific for the full-length and truncated GHRs and investigated their expression in various human tissues and cell lines. The mRNA of full-length GHR and GHR-(1-279) were readily detectable in all tissues investigated, with liver, fat, muscle, and kidney showing high levels of expression. These two receptor isoforms were also detected in a range of human cell lines, with strongest expression in IM9, a lymphoblastoid cell line. In contrast, GHR-(1277) message was expressed at low levels in liver, fat, muscle, kidney, and prostate and in trace amount in IM9 cells. Full-length GHR was the most abundant isoform, accounting for over 90% of total receptor transcripts in liver, fat, and muscle for quantitative RT-PCR. However, liver had 2- to 4-fold more full-length receptor mRNA and 16- to 40-fold more GHR-(1-277) mRNA than fat and muscle, whereas the mRNA levels of GHR-(1-279) were similar in the three tissues. GHR-(1-279) constituted less than 4% in liver and 7-10% in fat and muscle. GHR-(1-277) accounted for 0.5% of total GHR transcripts in liver and less than 0.1% in the other two tissues. These data suggest that the absolute and relative abundance of mRNA of the three GHR isoforms may be tissue specific. The regulation of expression of exon 9 alternatively spliced GHR variants may provide a potential mechanism for modulation of GH sensitivity at the tissue level.
|Authors||Ballesteros, M.;Leung, K. C.;Ross, R. J.;Iismaa, T. P.;Ho, K. K. :|
|Publisher Name||JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=10946895|