Type IIA secretory phospholipase A2 up-regulates cyclooxygenase-2 and amplifies cytokine-mediated prostaglandin production in human rheumatoid synoviocytes
Human type IIA secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IIA) is induced in association with several immune-mediated inflammatory conditions. We have evaluated the effect of sPLA2-IIA on PG production in primary synovial fibroblasts from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). At concentrations found in the synovial fluid of RA patients, exogenously added sPLA2-IIA dose-dependently amplified TNF-alpha-stimulated PGE2 production by cultured synovial fibroblasts. Enhancement of TNF-alpha-stimulated PGE2 production in synovial cells was accompanied by increased expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2)-alpha. Blockade of COX-2 enzyme activity with the selective inhibitor NS-398 prevented both TNF-alpha-stimulated and sPLA2-IIA-amplified PGE2 production without affecting COX-2 protein induction. However, both sPLA2-IIA-amplified PGE2 production and enhanced COX-2 expression were blocked by the sPLA2 inhibitor LY311727. Colocalization studies using triple-labeling immunofluorescence microscopy showed that sPLA2-IIA and cPLA2-alpha are coexpressed with COX-2 in discrete populations of CD14-positive synovial macrophages and synovial tissue fibroblasts from RA patients. Based on these findings, we propose a model whereby the enhanced expression of sPLA2-IIA by RA synovial cells up-regulates TNF-alpha-mediated PG production via superinduction of COX-2. Therefore, sPLA2-IIA may be a critical modulator of cytokine-mediated synovial inflammation in RA.
|Authors||Bidgood, M. J.;Jamal, O. S.;Cunningham, A. M.;Brooks, P. M.;Scott, K. F. :|
|Publisher Name||JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=10946311|