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Postprandial metabolism in adults with Prader-Willi syndrome


OBJECTIVE: Individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) are commonly restricted to 60-75% of height-appropriate calorie intake because they rapidly become obese on a normal diet. This study measured changes in energy expenditure, glucose and lipid homeostasis, and metabolic flexibility in response to a meal in PWS adults. METHODS: 11 adults with PWS were compared with 12 adiposity-matched and 10 lean subjects. Indirect calorimetry was conducted at baseline and 210 min after a standardized 600 kCal breakfast to assess energy expenditure and substrate utilization. Circulating glucose, insulin, C-peptide, glucagon, nonesterified fatty acids, and triglycerides were measured up to 240 min. Insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion rate were assessed by HOMA-IR and C-peptide deconvolution, respectively. Body composition was determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: The PWS group had lower lean mass than the obesity control group. Corrected for lean mass, there were no differences between the PWS and obesity groups in resting metabolic rate or metabolic flexibility. Total and abdominal fat mass, insulin sensitivity, and insulin secretion rate were also similar between these groups. CONCLUSIONS: This study did not detect an intrinsic metabolic defect in individuals with PWS. Rather, lower lean mass, combined with lower physical activity, may contribute to weight gain on an apparent weight-maintenance diet.

Type Journal
ISBN 1930-739X (Electronic) 1930-7381 (Linking)
Authors Purtell, L. ; Viardot, A. ; Sze, L. ; Loughnan, G. ; Steinbeck, K. ; Sainsbury, A. ; Herzog, H. ; Smith, A. ; Campbell, L. V.;
Responsible Garvan Author (missing name)
Publisher Name Obesity
Published Date 2015-01-01
Published Volume 23
Published Issue 6
Published Pages 1159-65
Status Published in-print
URL link to publisher's version