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Minimal impact of age and housing temperature on the metabolic phenotype of Acc2-/- mice

Abstract

An important regulator of fatty acid oxidation (FAO) is the allosteric inhibition of CPT-1 by malonyl-CoA produced by the enzyme acetyl-CoA carboxylase 2 (ACC2). Initial studies suggested that deletion of Acc2 (Acacb) increased fat oxidation and reduced adipose tissue mass but in an independently generated strain of Acc2 knockout mice we observed increased whole-body and skeletal muscle FAO and a compensatory increase in muscle glycogen stores without changes in glucose tolerance, energy expenditure or fat mass in young mice (12-16 weeks). The aim of the present study was to determine whether there was any effect of age or housing at thermoneutrality (29 degrees C; which reduces total energy expenditure) on the phenotype of Acc2 knockout mice. At 42-54 weeks of age, male WT and Acc2(-/-) mice had similar body weight, fat mass, muscle triglyceride content and glucose tolerance. Consistent with younger Acc2(-/-) mice, aged Acc2(-/-) mice showed increased whole-body FAO (24 h average respiratory exchange ratio=0.95+/-0.02 and 0.92+/-0.02 for WT and Acc2(-/-) mice respectively, P<0.05) and skeletal muscle glycogen content (+60%, P<0.05) without any detectable change in whole-body energy expenditure. Hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamp studies revealed no difference in insulin action between groups with similar glucose infusion rates and tissue glucose uptake. Housing Acc2(-/-) mice at 29 degrees C did not alter body composition, glucose tolerance or the effects of fat feeding compared with WT mice. These results confirm that manipulation of Acc2 may alter FAO in mice, but this has little impact on body composition or insulin action.

Type Journal
ISBN 1479-6805 (Electronic) 0022-0795 (Linking)
Authors Brandon, A. E.; Stuart, E.; Leslie, S. J.; Hoehn, K. L.; James, D. E.; Kraegen, E. W.; Turner, N.; Cooney, G. J.;
Publisher Name J ENDOCRINOL
Published Date 2016-03-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 228
Published Issue 3
Published Pages 127-34
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26668208
Status Published In-print