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Synchronous Nesidioblastosis, Endocrine Microadenoma, and Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasia in a Man Presenting With Hyperinsulinemic Hypoglycemia

Abstract

Herein, we report the first case of concomitant nesidioblastosis, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor, and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasia. The combination is significant as each of these pathological entities is independently very rare. The patient was a 33-year-old man who presented with symptomatic hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia and no risk factors for pancreatic disease. Abdominal imaging showed an isolated 12 mm pancreatic lesion, whilst selective arterial calcium stimulation testing demonstrated multiple territories of insulin excess. He proceeded to subtotal pancreatectomy. Histopathology revealed an endocrine microadenoma, alpha and beta cell nesidioblastosis, and multifocal intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasia. The endocrine microadenoma and nesidioblastosis stained for insulin, suggesting both likely contributed to hypoglycemia. Glucagon immunohistochemistry was also positive, though there were no clinical features of glucagon excess. Hypoglycemia resolved postoperatively. This case and other evidence from the literature suggest that hyperplasia and neoplasia may occur sequentially in the pancreas, and that endocrine and exocrine tumorigenesis may be linked in some individuals. Further study is required to identify a unifying mechanism, and to elucidate potential ramifications in the management of patients with pancreatic neoplasms.

Type Journal
ISBN 1536-4828 (Electronic) 0885-3177 (Linking)
Authors De Sousa, S. M.; Haghighi, K. S.; Qiu, M. R.; Greenfield, J. R.; Chen, D. L.;
Publisher Name PANCREAS
Published Date 2016-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 45
Published Issue 1
Published Pages 154-9
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26658039
Status Published In-print
OpenAccess Link https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/download.php?13653_13551/2016-De Sousa-Pancreas.pdf