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Representing genetic variation with synthetic DNA standards

Abstract

The identification of genetic variation with next-generation sequencing is confounded by the complexity of the human genome sequence and by biases that arise during library preparation, sequencing and analysis. We have developed a set of synthetic DNA standards, termed 'sequins', that emulate human genetic features and constitute qualitative and quantitative spike-in controls for genome sequencing. Sequencing reads derived from sequins align exclusively to an artificial in silico reference chromosome, rather than the human reference genome, which allows them them to be partitioned for parallel analysis. Here we use this approach to represent common and clinically relevant genetic variation, ranging from single nucleotide variants to large structural rearrangements and copy-number variation. We validate the design and performance of sequin standards by comparison to examples in the NA12878 reference genome, and we demonstrate their utility during the detection and quantification of variants. We provide sequins as a standardized, quantitative resource against which human genetic variation can be measured and diagnostic performance assessed.

Type Journal
ISBN 1548-7105 (Electronic) 1548-7091 (Linking)
Authors Deveson, I. W.; Chen, W. Y.; Wong, T.; Hardwick, S. A.; Andersen, S. B.; Nielsen, L. K.; Mattick, J. S.; Mercer, T. R.;
Publisher Name NAT METHODS
Published Date 2016-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 13
Published Issue 9
Published Pages 784-91
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27502217
Status Published In-print
OpenAccess Link https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/download.php?13879_13558/2016-Deveson-Nat Methods.pdf