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Ablation of Y1 receptor impairs osteoclast bone-resorbing activity

Abstract

Y1 receptor (Y1R)-signalling pathway plays a pivotal role in the regulation of bone metabolism. The lack of Y1R-signalling stimulates bone mass accretion that has been mainly attributed to Y1R disruption from bone-forming cells. Still, the involvement of Y1R-signalling in the control of bone-resorbing cells remained to be explored. Therefore, in this study we assessed the role of Y1R deficiency in osteoclast formation and resorption activity. Here we demonstrate that Y1R germline deletion (Y1R(-/-)) led to increased formation of highly multinucleated (n > 8) osteoclasts and enhanced surface area, possibly due to monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) overexpression regulated by RANKL-signalling. Interestingly, functional studies revealed that these giant Y1R(-/-) multinucleated cells produce poorly demineralized eroded pits, which were associated to reduce expression of osteoclast matrix degradation markers, such as tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-5b (TRAcP5b), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and cathepsin-K (CTSK). Tridimensional (3D) morphologic analyses of resorption pits, using an in-house developed quantitative computational tool (BonePit), showed that Y1R(-/-) resorption pits displayed a marked reduction in surface area, volume and depth. Together, these data demonstrates that the lack of Y1Rs stimulates the formation of larger multinucleated osteoclasts in vitro with reduced bone-resorbing activity, unveiling a novel therapeutic option for osteoclastic bone diseases based on Y1R-signalling ablation.

Type Journal
ISBN 2045-2322 (Electronic) 2045-2322 (Linking)
Authors Sousa, D. M.; Conceicao, F.; Silva, D. I.; Leitao, L.; Neto, E.; Alves, C. J.; Alencastre, I. S.; Herzog, H.; Aguiar, P.; Lamghari, M.;
Publisher Name SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
Published Date 2016-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 6
Published Pages 33470
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27646989
Status Published In-print
OpenAccess Link https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/download.php?13899_13688/2016-Sousa-Sci Rep.pdf