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Neuropeptide Y Induces Hematopoietic Stem/Progenitor Cell Mobilization by Regulating Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 Activity Through Y1 Receptor in Osteoblasts

Abstract

Hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) mobilization is an essential homeostatic process regulated by the interaction of cellular and molecular components in bone marrow niches. It has been shown by others that neurotransmitters released from the sympathetic nervous system regulate HSPC egress from bone marrow to peripheral blood. In this study, we investigate the functional role of neuropeptide Y (NPY) on this process. NPY deficient mice had significantly impaired HSPC mobilization due to increased expression of HSPC maintenance factors by reduction of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) activity in bone marrow. Pharmacological or endogenous elevation of NPY led to decrease of HSPC maintenance factors expression by activating MMP-9 in osteoblasts, resulting in HSPC mobilization. Mice in which the Y1 receptor was deleted in osteoblasts did not exhibit HSPC mobilization by NPY. Furthermore, NPY treatment in ovariectomized mice caused reduction of bone loss due to HSPC mobilization. These results suggest a new role of NPY on HSPC mobilization, as well as the potential therapeutic application of this neuropeptide for stem cell-based therapy. Stem Cells 2016;34:2145-2156.

Type Journal
ISBN 1549-4918 (Electronic) 1066-5099 (Linking)
Authors Park, M. H.; Lee, J. K.; Kim, N.; Min, W. K.; Lee, J. E.; Kim, K. T.; Akiyama, H.; Herzog, H.; Schuchman, E. H.; Jin, H. K.; Bae, J. S.;
Publisher Name STEM CELLS
Published Date 2016-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 34
Published Issue 8
Published Pages 2145-56
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27090492
Status Published In-print
OpenAccess Link https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/download.php?13903_13654/2016-Park-Stem Cells.pdf