Systematic approaches to identify E3 ligase substrates
Protein ubiquitylation is a widespread post-translational modification, regulating cellular signalling with many outcomes, such as protein degradation, endocytosis, cell cycle progression, DNA repair and transcription. E3 ligases are a critical component of the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS), determining the substrate specificity of the cascade by the covalent attachment of ubiquitin to substrate proteins. Currently, there are over 600 putative E3 ligases, but many are poorly characterized, particularly with respect to individual protein substrates. Here, we highlight systematic approaches to identify and validate UPS targets and discuss how they are underpinning rapid advances in our understanding of the biochemistry and biology of the UPS. The integration of novel tools, model systems and methods for target identification is driving significant interest in drug development, targeting various aspects of UPS function and advancing the understanding of a diverse range of disease processes.
|ISBN||1470-8728 (Electronic) 0264-6021 (Linking)|
|Authors||Iconomou, M. ; Saunders, D. N.;|
|Publisher Name||BIOCHEMICAL JOURNAL|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27834739|
|OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version||https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/open-access/13961|