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Impaired Intestinal Permeability Contributes to Ongoing Bowel Symptoms in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Mucosal Healing.

Abstract

Many patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) have ongoing bowel symptoms of diarrhea or abdominal pain despite mucosal healing. We investigated whether impaired intestinal permeability contributes to these symptoms. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of intestinal permeability, measured by endoscopic confocal laser endomicroscopy in 110 consecutive subjects (31 with ulcerative colitis [UC], 57 with Crohn's disease [CD], and 22 healthy individuals [controls]) in Sydney Australia from May 2009 and September 2015. Symptomatic CD was defined by a CD Activity Index score of 150 or more and symptomatic UC by a partial Mayo score of 2 or more. Mucosal healing was defined as CD Endoscopic Index of Severity of 0 in CD or Mayo endoscopic sub-score of 0-1 for patients with UC. Intestinal permeability was quantified by the Confocal Leak Score (CLS, range: 0=no impaired permeability to 100=complete loss of barrier function). The primary endpoint was intestinal permeability in patients with symptomatic IBD in mucosal healing vs patients with asymptomatic IBD in mucosal healing. We determined the sensitivity and specificity of CLS in determining symptoms based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis.

Type Journal
Authors Chang, J.; Leong, RW.; Wasinger, V.; IP, M.; Yang, M.; Giang Phan, T.
Responsible Garvan Author A/Prof Tri Phan
Publisher Name GASTROENTEROLOGY
Published Date 2017-09-30 00:00:00
Published Volume 153
Published Issue 3
Published Pages 723-731
Status Published in-print