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Biglycan expression in the melanoma microenvironment promotes invasiveness via increased tissue stiffness inducing integrin-beta1 expression

Abstract

Novel targeted and immunotherapeutic approaches have revolutionized the treatment of metastatic melanoma. A better understanding of the melanoma-microenvironment, in particular the interaction of cells with extracellular matrix molecules, may help to further improve these new therapeutic strategies.We observed that the extracellular matrix molecule biglycan (Bgn) was expressed in certain human melanoma cells and primary fibroblasts when evaluated by microarray-based gene expression analysis. Bgn expression in the melanoma tissues correlated with low overall-survival and low progression-free-survival in patients. To understand the functional role of Bgn we used gene-targeted mice lacking functional Bgn. Here we observed that melanoma growth, metastasis-formation and tumor-related death were reduced in Bgn-/- mice compared to Bgn+/+ mice. In vitro invasion of melanoma cells into organotypic-matrices derived from Bgn-/- fibroblasts was reduced compared to melanoma invasion into Bgn-proficient matrices. Tissue stiffness as determined by atomic-force-microscopy was reduced in Bgn-/- matrices. Isolation of melanoma cells and fibroblasts from the stiffer Bgn+/+ matrices revealed an increase in integrin-beta1 expression compared to the Bgn-/- fibroblast matrices. Overexpression of integrin-beta1 in B16-melanoma cells abolished the survival benefit seen in Bgn-/- mice. Consistent with the studies performed in mice, the abundance of Bgn-expression in human melanoma samples positively correlated with the expression of integrin-beta1, which is in agreement with results from the organotypic invasion-assay and the in vivo mouse studies.This study describes a novel role for Bgn-related tissue stiffness in the melanoma-microenvironment via regulation of integrin-beta1 expression by melanoma cells in both mice and humans.

Type Journal
ISBN 1949-2553 (Electronic) 1949-2553 (Linking)
Authors Andrlova, H.; Mastroianni, J.; Madl, J.; Kern, J. S.; Melchinger, W.; Dierbach, H.; Wernet, F.; Follo, M.; Technau-Hafsi, K.; Has, C.; Rao Mittapalli, V.; Idzko, M.; Herr, R.; Brummer, T.; Ungefroren, H.; Busch, H.; Boerries, M.; Narr, A.; Ihorst, G.; Vennin, C.; Schmitt-Graeff, A.; Minguet, S.; Timpson, P.; Duyster, J.; Meiss, F.; Romer, W.; Zeiser, R.
Responsible Garvan Author A/Prof Paul Timpson
Publisher Name Oncotarget
Published Date 2017-06-27
Published Volume 8
Published Issue 26
Published Pages 42901-42916
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.18632/oncotarget.17160
URL link to publisher's version https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28476030