Annexin A6-A multifunctional scaffold in cell motility
Annexin A6 (AnxA6) belongs to a highly conserved protein family characterized by their calcium (Ca2+) -dependent binding to phospholipids. Over the years, immunohistochemistry, subcellular fractionations, and live cell microscopy established that AnxA6 is predominantly found at the plasma membrane and endosomal compartments. In these locations, AnxA6 acts as a multifunctional scaffold protein, recruiting signaling proteins, modulating cholesterol and membrane transport and influencing actin dynamics. These activities enable AnxA6 to contribute to the formation of multifactorial protein complexes and membrane domains relevant in signal transduction, cholesterol homeostasis and endo-/exocytic membrane transport. Hence, AnxA6 has been implicated in many biological processes, including cell proliferation, survival, differentiation, inflammation, but also membrane repair and viral infection. More recently, we and others identified roles for AnxA6 in cancer cell migration and invasion. This review will discuss how the multiple scaffold functions may enable AnxA6 to modulate migratory cell behavior in health and disease.
|ISBN||1933-6926 (Electronic) 1933-6918 (Linking)|
|Authors||Grewal, T.; Hoque, M.; Conway, J. R.; Reverter, M.; Wahba, M.; Beevi, S. S.; Timpson, P.; Enrich, C.; Rentero, C.|
|Responsible Garvan Author|
|Publisher Name||Cell Adhesion & Migration|
|URL link to publisher's version||https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28060548|