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Gonadal mosaicism of a novel IQSEC2 variant causing female limited intellectual disability and epilepsy

Abstract

We report a family with four girls with moderate to severe intellectual disability and epilepsy. Two girls showed regression in adolescence and died of presumed sudden unexpected death in epilepsy at 16 and 22 years. Whole exome sequencing identified a truncating pathogenic variant in IQSEC2 at NM_001111125.2: c.2679_2680insA, p.(D894fs*10), a recently identified cause of epileptic encephalopathy in females (MIM 300522). The IQSEC2 variant was identified in both surviving affected sisters but in neither parent. We describe the phenotypic spectrum associated with IQSEC2 variants, highlighting how IQSEC2 is adding to a growing list of X-linked genes that have a female-specific phenotype typically associated with de novo mutations. This report illustrates the need for careful review of all whole exome data, incorporating all possible modes of inheritance including that suggested by the family history.

Type Journal
ISBN 1476-5438 (Electronic) 1018-4813 (Linking)
Authors Ewans, L. J.; Field, M.; Zhu, Y.; Turner, G.; Leffler, M.; Dinger, M. E.; Cowley, M. J.; Buckley, M. F.; Scheffer, I. E.; Jackson, M. R.; Roscioli, T.; Shoubridge, C.
Responsible Garvan Author A/Prof Marcel Dinger
Publisher Name EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS
Published Date 2017-03-15 00:00:00
Published Volume 25
Published Issue 6
Published Pages 763-767
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1038/ejhg.2017.29
URL link to publisher's version https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28295038