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Feasibility and safety of focal irreversible electroporation as salvage treatment for localized radio-recurrent prostate cancer

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, early quality of life (QoL) and oncological outcomes of salvage focal irreversible electroporation (IRE) for radio-recurrent prostate cancer (PCa). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with localized, radio-recurrent PCa without evidence of metastatic or nodal disease were offered focal IRE following the consensus guidelines. Patients with a minimum follow-up of 6 months were eligible for analysis. Adverse events were monitored using the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE version 4.0). Patient-reported QoL data was collected at baseline, 6 weeks, 3, 6 and 12 months using the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC), AUA symptom score and SF-12 Physical and Mental Component Summary (SF12-physical/SF12-mental) questionnaires. Oncological control was evaluated with serial prostate-specific antigen (PSA), 6-months multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) and 12-months prostate biopsy. Wilcoxon's Signed Rank Test was used to assess QoL differences over time in paired continuous variables. RESULTS: A total of 18 patients were included for analysis. The median follow-up was 21 months. No high-grade adverse events (CTCAE >2) or recto-urethral fistula occurred. There were no statistically significant declines observed in QoL outcomes (n=11) on the EPIC Bowel domain (p=0.29), AUA symptom score (p=0.77), SF12-physical (p=0.17) and SF12-mental (p=0.77) questionnaires. At 6 months salvage patients experienced a decline in EPIC sexual domain (median of 38 to 24, p=0.028) and urinary domain (median of 96 to 92, p=0.074). Pad-free continence and erections sufficient for intercourse were preserved in 73% (n=8/11) and 33% (n=2/6) at 6 months, respectively. The mpMRI was clear in 85% (n=11/13), with two single out-field lesions (true-positive and false-positive, respectively). Median nadir PSA was 0.39 mug/L (IQR 0.04-0.43). A total of 3 (17%) and 4 (22%) patients experienced biochemical failure using the Phoenix and Stuttgart definitions of biochemical failure, respectively. 80% (n=8/10) of the patients were clear of any PCa on follow-up biopsy, whereas 2 patients had significant PCa on follow-up biopsy (ISUP 5). CONCLUSION: Our short-term safety, QoL and oncological control data demonstrate that focal IRE is a feasible salvage option for localized radio-recurrent PCa. A prospective multi-centre study (FIRE-trial) has been initiated that will provide further insight in the ability of focal IRE to obtain oncological control of radio-recurrent PCa with acceptable patient morbidity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Type Journal
ISBN 1464-410X (Electronic) 1464-4096 (Linking)
Authors Scheltema, M. J.; van den Bos, W.; Siriwardana, A. R.; Kalsbeek, A. M. F.; Thompson, J. E.; Ting, F.; Bohm, M.; Haynes, A. M.; Shnier, R.; Delprado, W.; Stricker, P. D.
Responsible Garvan Author Anne-Maree Haynes
Publisher Name BJU INTERNATIONAL
Published Date 2017-11-14
Published Volume 120
Published Issue Suppl 3
Published Pages 51-58
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1111/bju.13991
URL link to publisher's version https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28834167