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Anomalous mole-fraction effects in recombinant and native cyclic nucleotide-gated channels in rat olfactory receptor neurons


Anomalous mole-fraction effects (AMFE) were studied, using the inside-out configuration of the patchclamp technique, in both recombinant wild-type alpha-homomeric rat olfactory adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-gated channels (rOCNC1) expressed in human embryonic kidney cells (HEK 293) and native cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels in acutely isolated rat olfactory receptor neurons. Single-channel and macroscopic currents were activated by 200 microM and 500 microM cAMP, respectively. Macroscopic currents, measured with mixtures of Na(+)-NH(4)(+) or Cs(+)-Li(+) in the cytoplasmic bathing solution, displayed AMFE in the rOCNC1 channels at both positive and negative membrane potentials. The rOCNC1 single-channel conductance showed a distinct minimum (or maximum) in an 80% Na(+)-20% NH(4)(+) mixture (or a 60% Cs(+)-40% Li(+) mixture), but only at positive membrane potentials. Macroscopic measurements in native olfactory CNG channels with mixtures of Na(+)-NH(4)(+) indicated similar AMFE. These results suggest that both native CNG channels and recombinant alpha-homomeric channels allow several ions to be present simultaneously within the channel pore. They also further validate the dominant role of the alpha-subunit in permeation through these channels, provide the first evidence to suggest that rOCNC1 channels have multi-ion properties and further justify the use of the rOCNC1 channel as an effective model for structure-function studies of ion permeation and selectivity in olfactory CNG channels.

Type Journal
ISBN 0962-8452 (Print)
Authors Qu, W.;Moorhouse, A. J.;Cunningham, A. M.;Barry, P. H. :
Publisher Name Proc Biol Sci
Published Date 2001-01-01
Published Volume 268
Published Issue 1474
Published Pages 1395-403
Status Published in-print
URL link to publisher's version