Novel N-terminal variant of human VDR
The importance of N-terminal regions of nuclear hormone receptors in transcriptional regulation is increasingly recognized. As variant VDR gene transcripts indicated possible N-terminally extended receptors, we investigated their natural occurrence, transactivation capacity, and subcellular localization. A novel 54-kDa VDRB1 protein, in addition to the previously recognized 48-kDa VDRA form, was detected in human kidney tissue as well as in osteoblastic (MG63), intestinal (Int-407, DLD-1, and COLO 206F), and kidney epithelial (786) human cell lines by Western blots using isoform-specific and nonselective anti-VDR antibodies. VDRB1 was present at approximately one-third the level of VDRA. Isoform-specific VDRB1 expression constructs produced lower ligand-dependent transactivation than VDRA when transiently transfected with a vitamin D-responsive promoter into cell lines with low endogenous VDR. Intracellular localization patterns of the green fluorescent protein-tagged VDR isoforms differed. VDRB1 appeared as discrete intranuclear foci in the absence of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, whereas VDRA produced diffuse nuclear fluorescence. After 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 treatment, both VDR isoforms exhibited similar diffuse nuclear signal. In the absence of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, the VDRB1 foci partially colocalized with SC-35 speckles and a subset of promyelocytic leukemia nuclear bodies. These data provide the first evidence of VDRB1, a novel N-terminally variant human VDR that is expressed at a level comparable to VDRA in human tissue and cell lines. It is characterized by reduced transactivation activity and a ligand-responsive speckled intranuclear localization. The intranuclear compartmentalization and altered functional activity of VDRB1 may mediate a specialized physiological role for this receptor isoform.
|Authors||Sunn, K. L.;Cock, T. A.;Crofts, L. A.;Eisman, J. A.;Gardiner, E. M. :|
|Publisher Name||MOLECULAR ENDOCRINOLOGY|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=11518809|