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Prolactin secretion by metoclopramide in man


Six men and nine women were given intravenous injections of 2.5 mg of metoclopramide to assess its potential as a stimulus to prolactin release. Following the administration of metoclopramide, there was prompt increase in serum prolactin to a peak response of 38.2 +/- 3.9 ng/ml in men and 103 +/- 10.2 ng/ml in women. The prolactin response to metoclopramide in men was compared with the response to 400 mug of TRH in 10 men. The peak response after TRH was 22.4 +/- 2.2 ng/ml, which was significantly less than that observed after metoclopramide. Pretreatment with 500 mg of L-dopa suppressed the prolactin response to metoclopramide in 6 men to a mean response of 16.3 +/- 4.3 ng/ml. We have concluded that metoclopramide is a safe, reliable, and potent stimulus of prolactin secretion and exerts this effect by blocking dopamine receptors in the hypothalamus and decreasing prolactin inhibiting factor. It is free of side effects and is a useful alternative to chlorpromazine.

Type Journal
ISBN 0021-972X (Print)
Authors Judd, S. J.;Lazarus, L.;Smythe, G. :
Published Date 1976-01-01
Published Volume 43
Published Issue 2
Published Pages 313-7
Status Published in-print
URL link to publisher's version