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Evidence that amylin stimulates lipolysis in vivo: a possible mediator of induced insulin resistance

Abstract

The present study investigated the role of amylin in lipid metabolism and its possible implications for insulin resistance. In 5- to 7-h-fasted conscious rats, infusion of rat amylin (5 nmol/h for 4 h) elevated plasma glucose, lactate, and insulin (P <0.05 vs. control, repeated-measures ANOVA) with peak values occurring within 60 min. Despite the insulin rise, plasma nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) and glycerol were also elevated (P < 0.001 vs. control), and these elevations (80% above basal) were sustained over the 4-h infusion period. Although unaltered in plasma, triglyceride content in liver was increased by 28% (P < 0.001) with a similar tendency in muscle (18%, P = 0.1). Infusion of the rat amylin antagonist amylin-(8-37) (125 nmol/h) induced opposite basal plasma changes to amylin, i.e., lowered plasma NEFA, glycerol, glucose, and insulin levels (all P < 0.05 vs. control); additionally, amylin-(8-37) blocked amylin-induced elevations of these parameters (P < 0.01). Treatment with acipimox (10 mg/kg), an anti-lipolytic agent, before or after amylin infusion blocked amylin's effects on plasma NEFA, glycerol, and insulin but not on glucose and lactate. We conclude that amylin could exert a lipolytic-like action in vivo that is blocked by and is opposite to effects of its antagonist amylin-(8-37). Further studies are warranted to examine the physiological implications of lipid mobilization for amylin-induced insulin resistance.

Type Journal
ISBN 0193-1849 (Print)
Authors Ye, J. M.;Lim-Fraser, M.;Cooney, G. J.;Cooper, G. J.;Iglesias, M. A.;Watson, D. G.;Choong, B.;Kraegen, E. W. :
Garvan Authors Prof Gregory Cooney , Prof Ted Kraegen
Publisher Name AM J PHYSIOL-ENDOC M
Published Date 2001-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 280
Published Issue 4
Published Pages E562-9
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=11254462
Status Published In-print