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Expression profiling of palmitate- and oleate-regulated genes provides novel insights into the effects of chronic lipid exposure on pancreatic beta-cell function

Abstract

Chronic lipid exposure is implicated in beta-cell dysfunction in type 2 diabetes. We therefore used oligonucleotide arrays to define global alterations in gene expression in MIN6 cells after 48-h pretreatment with oleate or palmitate. Altogether, 126 genes were altered > or =1.9-fold by palmitate, 62 by oleate, and 46 by both lipids. Importantly, nine of the palmitate-regulated genes are known to be correspondingly changed in models of type 2 diabetes. A tendency toward beta-cell de-differentiation was also apparent with palmitate: pyruvate carboxylase and mitochondrial glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase were downregulated, whereas lactate dehydrogenase and fructose 1,6-bisphosphatases were induced. Increases in the latter (also seen with oleate), along with glucosamine-phosphate N-acetyl transferase, imply upregulation of the hexosamine biosynthesis pathway in palmitate-treated cells. However, palmitate also increased expression of calcyclin and 25-kDa synaptosomal-associated protein (SNAP25), which control distal secretory processes. Consistent with these findings, secretory responses to noncarbohydrate stimuli, especially palmitate itself, were upregulated in palmitate-treated cells (much less so with oleate). Indeed, glucose-stimulated secretion was slightly sensitized by chronic palmitate exposure but inhibited by oleate treatment, whereas both lipids enhanced basal secretion. Oleate and palmitate also induced expression of chemokines (MCP-1 and GRO1 oncogene) and genes of the acute phase response (serum amyloid A3). Increases in transcriptional modulators such as ATF3, CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-beta (C/EBPbeta), C/EBPdelta, and c-fos were also seen. The results highlight links between regulated gene expression and phenotypic alterations in palmitate versus oleate-pretreated beta-cells.

Type Journal
ISBN 0012-1797 (Print)
Authors Busch, A. K.;Cordery, D.;Denyer, G. S.;Biden, T. J. :
Publisher Name DIABETES
Published Date 2002-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 51
Published Issue 4
Published Pages 977-87
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=11916915
Status Published In-print