Mechanisms of growth arrest by c-myc antisense oligonucleotides in MCF-7 breast cancer cells: implications for the antiproliferative effects of antiestrogens
The proto-oncogene c-myc is up-regulated by estrogen stimulation of hormone-dependent breast cancer cells and is frequently overexpressed in breast and other cancers. Therapeutic interventions that inhibit c-Myc expression have been extensively investigated, including antisense oligonucleotides that have high specificity and potential clinical application. This investigation compared antiestrogen-mediated growth arrest with the molecular events after repression of c-Myc expression in MCF-7 breast cancer cells using an antisense oligonucleotide. We show that the decreased cellular proliferation of MCF-7 cells after direct inhibition of c-Myc is a consequence of inhibition of cyclin D1 expression, subsequent redistribution of p21(WAF1/CIP1) from cyclin D1-Cdk4 to cyclin E-Cdk2 complexes, and a decline in cyclin E-Cdk2 enzymatic activity. Simultaneous repression of p21(WAF1/CIP1) can attenuate the growth-inhibitory effects of reduced c-Myc expression emphasizing the importance of this cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor in growth arrest. These molecular events are similar to the initial changes in cyclin gene expression, CDK complex formation and CDK activity seen after antiestrogen (ICI 182780)-mediated growth inhibition of MCF-7 cells, which suggests that the down-regulation of c-Myc by ICI 182780 is a primary event that culminates in cell cycle arrest.
|Authors||Carroll, J. S.;Swarbrick, A.;Musgrove, E. A.;Sutherland, R. L. :|
|Responsible Garvan Author|
|Publisher Name||CANCER RESEARCH|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=12036924|