Validation study of the accuracy of a postoperative nomogram for recurrence after radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer
PURPOSE: A postoperative nomogram for prostate cancer was developed at Baylor College of Medicine. This nomogram uses readily available clinical and pathologic variables to predict 7-year freedom from recurrence after radical prostatectomy. We evaluated the predictive accuracy of the nomogram when applied to patients of four international institutions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical and pathologic data of 2,908 patients were supplied for validation, and 2,465 complete records were used. Nomogram-predicted probabilities of 7-year freedom from recurrence were compared with actual follow-up in two ways. First, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was calculated for all patients and stratified by the time period of surgery. Second, calibration of the nomogram was achieved by comparing the predicted freedom from recurrence with that of an ideal nomogram. For patients in whom the pathologic report does not distinguish between focal and established extracapsular extension (an input variable of the nomogram), two separate calculations were performed assuming one or the other. RESULTS: The overall AUC was 0.80 when applied to the validation data set, with individual institution AUCs ranging from 0.77 to 0.82. The predictive accuracy of the nomogram was apparently higher in patients who were operated on between 1997 and 2000 (AUC, 0.83) compared with those treated between 1987 and 1996 (AUC, 0.78). Nomogram predictions of 7-year freedom from recurrence were within 10% of an ideal nomogram. CONCLUSION: The postoperative Baylor nomogram was accurate when applied at international treatment institutions. Our results suggest that accurate predictions may be expected when using this nomogram across different patient populations.
|Authors||Graefen, M.;Karakiewicz, P. I.;Cagiannos, I.;Klein, E.;Kupelian, P. A.;Quinn, D. I.;Henshall, S. M.;Grygiel, J. J.;Sutherland, R. L.;Stricker, P. D.;de Kernion, J.;Cangiano, T.;Schroder, F. H.;Wildhagen, M. F.;Scardino, P. T.;Kattan, M. W. :|
|Publisher Name||JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=11844816|