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Improved Transfer-Learning-Based Facial Recognition Framework to Detect Autistic Children at an Early Stage


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neuro-developmental disorder that affects social skills, language, speech and communication. Early detection of ASD individuals, especially children, could help to devise and strategize right therapeutic plan at right time. Human faces encode important markers that can be used to identify ASD by analyzing facial features, eye contact, and so on. In this work, an improved transfer-learning-based autism face recognition framework is proposed to identify kids with ASD in the early stages more precisely. Therefore, we have collected face images of children with ASD from the Kaggle data repository, and various machine learning and deep learning classifiers and other transfer-learning-based pre-trained models were applied. We observed that our improved MobileNet-V1 model demonstrates the best accuracy of 90.67% and the lowest 9.33% value of both fall-out and miss rate compared to the other classifiers and pre-trained models. Furthermore, this classifier is used to identify different ASD groups investigating only autism image data using k-means clustering technique. Thus, the improved MobileNet-V1 model showed the highest accuracy (92.10%) for k = 2 autism sub-types. We hope this model will be useful for physicians to detect autistic children more explicitly at the early stage.

Type Journal
ISBN 2076-3425 (Print) 2076-3425 (Linking)
Authors Akter, T.; Ali, M. H.; Khan, M. I.; Satu, M. S.; Uddin, M. J.; Alyami, S. A.; Ali, S.; Azad, A.; Moni, M. A.
Publisher Name Brain Sciences
Published Date 2021-05-31
Published Volume 11
Published Issue 6
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.3390/brainsci11060734
URL link to publisher's version