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Somatic reversion of pathogenic DOCK8 variants alters lymphocyte differentiation and function to effectively cure DOCK8 deficiency


Inborn errors of immunity cause monogenic immune dysregulatory conditions such as severe and recurrent pathogen infection, inflammation, allergy, and malignancy. Somatic reversion refers to the spontaneous repair of a pathogenic germline genetic variant and has been reported to occur in a number of inborn errors of immunity, with a range of impacts on clinical outcomes of these conditions. DOCK8 deficiency due to biallelic inactivating mutations in DOCK8 causes a combined immunodeficiency characterized by severe bacterial, viral, and fungal infections, as well as allergic disease and some cancers. Here, we describe the clinical, genetic, and cellular features of 3 patients with biallelic DOCK8 variants who, following somatic reversion in multiple lymphocyte subsets, exhibited improved clinical features, including complete resolution of infection and allergic disease, and cure over time. Acquisition of DOCK8 expression restored defective lymphocyte signalling, survival and proliferation, as well as CD8+ T cell cytotoxicity, CD4+ T cell cytokine production, and memory B cell generation compared with typical DOCK8-deficient patients. Our temporal analysis of DOCK8-revertant and DOCK8-deficient cells within the same individual established mechanisms of clinical improvement in these patients following somatic reversion and revealed further nonredundant functions of DOCK8 in human lymphocyte biology. Last, our findings have significant implications for future therapeutic options for the treatment of DOCK8 deficiency.

Type Journal
ISBN 1558-8238 (Electronic) 0021-9738 (Linking)
Authors Pillay, B. A.; Fusaro, M.; Gray, P. E.; Statham, A. L.; Burnett, L.; Bezrodnik, L.; Kane, A.; Tong, W.; Abdo, C.; Winter, S.; Chevalier, S.; Levy, R.; Masson, C.; Schmitt, Y.; Bole, C.; Malphettes, M.; Macintyre, E.; De Villartay, J. P.; Ziegler, J. B.; Smart, J. M.; Peake, J.; Aghamohammadi, A.; Hammarstrom, L.; Abolhassani, H.; Picard, C.; Fischer, A.; Latour, S.; Neven, B.; Tangye, S. G.; Ma, C. S.
Publisher Name Journal of Genetic Counseling
Published Date 2021-02-28
Published Volume 131
Published Issue 3
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1172/JCI142434
URL link to publisher's version