Towards precision medicine for clinically non-functioning pituitary tumours
OBJECTIVE: Clinically non-functioning pituitary tumours (NFPT) are a heterogenous group of neoplasms with diverse outcomes. The purpose of this narrative review was to summarize available data on predictive factors, both in routine practice and research settings. DESIGN: A literature review was conducted for papers published in peer-reviewed journals, investigating clinical, radiological, pathological and genetic predictive factors in NFPT. RESULTS: Several clinical and radiological factors have been associated with NFPT recurrence and/or aggressiveness, including larger size and pre-/post-operative growth rates. Application of transcription factor immunohistochemistry has given rise to improved subtype identification, including 'higher-risk' subtypes, in routine clinical practice. Numerous other pathological and genetic biomarkers have demonstrated promise for prognostication in the research setting. CONCLUSION: NFPT are a heterogenous group of tumours, characterized by diverse presentation, pathogenesis and outcomes. Ongoing refinements in understanding of tumour biology are likely to pave the way to improved integrative prognostication and precision medicine for NFPT.
|ISBN||1365-2265 (Electronic) 0300-0664 (Linking)|
|Authors||Lenders, N. F.; Inder, W. J.; McCormack, A. I.|
|Responsible Garvan Author||Dr Ann McCormack|
|Publisher Name||CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY|
|URL link to publisher's version||https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33774854|