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UpFrontPSMA: a randomized phase 2 study of sequential (177) Lu-PSMA-617 and docetaxel vs docetaxel in metastatic hormone-naive prostate cancer (clinical trial protocol)


OBJECTIVE: To assess the activity and safety of sequential lutetium-177 ((177) Lu)-PSMA-617 and docetaxel vs docetaxel on a background of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in men with de novo metastatic hormone-naive prostate cancer (mHNPC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: UpFrontPSMA (NCT04343885) is an open-label, randomized, multicentre, phase 2 trial, recruiting 140 patients at 12 Australian centres. Key eligibility criteria include: prostate cancer with a histological diagnosis within 12 weeks of screening commencement; prostate-specific antigen (PSA) >10 ng/mL at diagnosis; </=4 weeks on ADT; evidence of metastatic disease on computed tomography (CT) and/or bone scan; high-volume prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-avid disease with a maximum standardized uptake value >15; and absence of extensive discordant fluorodeoxyglcuose (FDG)-positive, PSMA-negative disease. (68) Ga-PSMA-11 and (18) F-FDG positron-emission tomography (PET)/CT undergo central review to determine eligibility. Patients are randomized 1:1 to experimental treatment, Arm A ((177) Lu-PSMA-617 7.5GBq q6w x 2 cycles followed by docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) q3w x 6 cycles), or standard-of-care treatment, Arm B (docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) q3w x 6 cycles). All patients receive continuous ADT. Patients are stratified based on disease volume on conventional imaging and duration of ADT at time of registration. The primary endpoint is the proportion of patients with undetectable PSA (</=0.2 ng/L) at 12 months after study treatment commencement. Secondary endpoints include safety, time to castration resistance, overall survival, PSA and radiographic progression-free survival, objective tumour response rate, early PSMA PET response, health-related quality of life, and frequency and severity of adverse events. Enrolment commenced in April 2020. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The results of this trial will generate data on the activity and safety of (177) Lu-PSMA-617 in men with de novo mHNPC in a randomized phase 2 design.

Type Journal
ISBN 1464-410X (Electronic) 1464-4096 (Linking)
Authors Dhiantravan, N.; Emmett, L.; Joshua, A. M.; Pattison, D. A.; Francis, R. J.; Williams, S.; Sandhu, S.; Davis, I. D.; Vela, I.; Neha, N.; Bressel, M.; Murphy, D. G.; Hofman, M. S.; Azad, A. A.
Responsible Garvan Author Prof Anthony Joshua
Publisher Name BJU International
Published Date 2021-09-30
Published Volume 128
Published Issue 3
Published Pages 331-342
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1111/bju.15384
URL link to publisher's version