Anti-Ro60 and anti-Ro52/TRIM21: Two distinct autoantibodies in systemic autoimmune diseases
As iconic and important diagnostic autoantibodies, anti-Ro60 and anti-Ro52/tri-partite motif-containing 21 (TRIM21) make a common appearance in a number of systemic autoimmune disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). These autoantibodies often co-exist together; yet despite their close relationship, there is no evidence that they are physically linked and probably reflect a convergence of separate processes of failed immunological tolerance. Confusingly, they are sometimes classed together as the "SSA" or "Ro" autoantibody system without clear distinction between the two. In this Short Communication, we discuss the diagnostic merits for separate detection and reporting of these two autoantibodies, and discuss avenues for future research. Indeed, further insight into their fascinating origins and pathogenic roles in autoimmunity will surely shed light on how we can prevent and treat devastating autoimmune disorders.
|ISBN||1095-9157 (Electronic) 0896-8411 (Linking)|
|Authors||Lee, A. Y. S.; Reed, J. H.; Gordon, T. P.|
|Publisher Name||JOURNAL OF AUTOIMMUNITY|
|URL link to publisher's version||https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34464814|