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Y1 receptors modulate taste-related behavioral responsiveness in male mice to prototypical gustatory stimuli


Mammalian taste bud cells express receptors for numerous peptides implicated elsewhere in the body in the regulation of metabolism, nutrient assimilation, and satiety. The perturbation of several peptide signaling pathways in the gustatory periphery results in changes in behavioral and/or physiological responsiveness to subsets of taste stimuli. We previously showed that Peptide YY (PYY) - which is present in both saliva and in subsets of taste cells - can affect behavioral taste responsiveness and reduce food intake and body weight. Here, we investigated the contributions of taste bud-localized receptors for PYY and the related Neuropeptide Y (NPY) on behavioral taste responsiveness. Y1R, but not Y2R, null mice show reduced responsiveness to sweet, bitter, and salty taste stimuli in brief-access taste tests; similar results were seen when wildtype mice were exposed to Y receptor antagonists in the taste stimuli. Finally, mice in which the gene encoding the NPY propeptide was deleted also showed reduced taste responsiveness to sweet and bitter taste stimuli. Collectively, these results suggest that Y1R signaling, likely through its interactions with NPY, can modulate peripheral taste responsiveness in mice.

Type Journal
ISBN 1095-6867 (Electronic) 0018-506X (Linking)
Authors Malone, I. G.; Hunter, B. K.; Rossow, H. L.; Herzog, H.; Zolotukhin, S.; Munger, S. D.; Dotson, C. D.
Responsible Garvan Author Prof Herbert Herzog
Published Date 2021-11-30
Published Volume 136
Published Pages 105056
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2021.105056
URL link to publisher's version