The distribution of Neuropeptide FF and Neuropeptide VF in central and peripheral tissues and their role in energy homeostasis control
Neuropeptide FF (NPFF) and Neuropeptide VF (NPVF) are part of the extended RFamide peptide family characterized by their common arginine (R) and amidated phenylalanine (F)-motif at the carboxyl terminus. Both peptides signal through their respective high affinity G-protein coupled receptors, NPFFR2 and NPFFR1, but also show binding affinity for the other receptor due to their sequence similarity. NPFF and NPVF are highly conserved throughout evolution and can be found across the whole animal kingdom. Both have been implicated in a variety of biological mechanisms, including nociception, locomotion, reproduction, and response to pain and stress. However, more recently a new major functional role in the control of energy homeostasis has been discovered. In this article we will summarise the current knowledge on the distribution of NPFF, NPVF, and their receptors in central and peripheral tissues, as well as how this relates to the regulation of food intake and energy balance, which will help to better understand their role in these processes and thus might help finding treatments for impaired energy homeostasis disorders, such as obesity or anorexia.
|ISBN||1532-2785 (Electronic) 0143-4179 (Linking)|
|Authors||Koller, J.; Herzog, H.; Zhang, L.|
|Responsible Garvan Author||Dr Lei Zhang|
|URL link to publisher's version||https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34534716|